Description of Social institutions in Kentucky

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This booklet allows students to learn about the social institutions in Kentucky and various aspects of it such as elements, characteristics, religion, economy, family.
1. Social Institutions
2. Institution Dictionary meaning
• Institution = established practice:
• an established law, custom, or practice
Penguin Dictionary of Sociology
• The term is widely used to describe social practices
that are regularly and continuously repeated, are
sanctioned and maintained by social norms, and have a
major significance in the social structure.
• Like role, the term refers to established patterns of
behaviour, but institution is regarded as a higher-order,
more general unit that incorporates a plurality of roles.
Established: ‫ قاعدہ‬،‫قائم‬
• A social institution is an interrelated
system of social roles and social norms,
organized around the satisfaction of an
important social need or social function.
• Social Institutions are organized patterns
of beliefs and behaviour that are centered
on basic social needs.
• A group of people
• United by common interest
• Having material resources
• Having norms
• Fulfill some social need.
• Social institutions are universal.
• They vary from time to time and across
cultures, in terms of complexity,
specialization, scope, formality and
organization. But their basic nature and
purpose are similar everywhere.
• Social institutions are resistant to change;
they tend to persist.
6. Characteristics of Social Institutions
• Each institution performs two types of social
• (a) primary functions, which are also
called manifest, explicit, or direct functions;
• (b) secondary functions, which are also
called indirect, hidden, or latent functions.
Through these functions, social institutions
fulfill important needs in the society.
• The family is generally regarded as a
primary social institution.
• The institution of family is a basic unit in
the society, and the multifaceted functions
performed by it makes it a much-needed
institution in a society.
• It is one of the oldest social institution on
the earth. Although families differ widely
around the world, they also share certain
common concerns in their everyday lives.
• Educational institution is responsible for the
systematic transmission of knowledge, skills
and cultural values within a formally organized
• It is one of the most influential institutions in
contemporary societies. Every nation in the
world is equipped with some form of
education system, though those systems vary
• Economy is the social institution that ensures
maintenance of society through the production,
distribution and consumption of goods and
• Economy is the social institution that organizes a
society’s production, distribution and
consumption of goods and services.
• The economy system is the complex of
interrelated institutions through which the
economic activity of man is expressed.
• Religion is a social institution composed of a
unified system of beliefs, symbols, and rituals—
based on some sacred or supernatural realm—
that guides human behavior, gives meaning to
life, and unites believers into a community. For
many people,
• religious beliefs provide the answers for
seemingly unanswerable questions about the
meaning of life and death.
• Religion is a system of faith and worship.
• Political institution is the distribution
system of power and authority which is
used to maintain social order.
• Politics is the social institution through
which power is acquired and exercised by
some people and groups.
12. Characteristics of Social Institutions
• Institutions are the controlling
• Institutions like religion, morality, state,
government, law, legislation etc. control
the behaviour of men.
• These preserve the social order and give
stability to it.
13. Characteristics of Social Institutions
• Institutions are interrelated: Institutions, though
diverse, are interrelated and interdependent.
These are connected through statuses and roles
of the individuals.
• Relatively permanent: Many institutions are rigid
and enduring. Institutions normally do not
undergo sudden or rapid changes. Changes take
place slowly and gradually in them.
• Therefore institutions are the great conservers
and transmitters of cultural heritage.
14. Characteristics of Social Institutions
• Use Symbols to distinguish: Institutions have
cultural symbols. The symbols may be either
material or non-material. A country has a flag, an
emblem, a national anthem as its symbol. A
school may have its own flag, uniform dress etc.
• Possess material objects: The institutions being
group of people have national resources and
material objects. The buildings, furniture, books
and other objects are part of social life are a part
of institutions.
15. • Social institutions are patterns of behaviour
grouped about the central needs of human
beings in society.