This presentation teaches about subject and object complements, those which complete the meaning of the verb in a sentence.
1. DIRECT AND INDIRECT OBJECTS, SUBJECT
2. RECOGNIZING COMPLEMENTS A complement is a word or word group that completes the meaning of a verb. Every sentence has a subject and a verb. Sometimes the subject and the verb can express a complete thought all by themselves. » Examples: Adriana swam. The puppy was sleeping.
3. RECOGNIZING COMPLEMENTS Often, however, a verb needs a complement to complete its meaning. x Examples: Incomplete: My aunt found Complete: My aunt found a wallet. (The noun wallet completes the meaning of the verb found.
4. RECOGNIZING COMPLEMENTS » Examples: Incomplete: Sarah bought (what?) Complete: Sarah bought herself a new jacket. (The pronoun herself and é noun jacket complete the meaning of the verb bought. Incomplete: The longcase clock was Complete: The longcase clock was an antique. (The noun antique completes the meaning of the verb
5. RECOGNIZING COMPLEMENTS Incomplete: The elephant seemed (what?) Complete: The elephant seemed tired. (The adjective tired completes the meaning of the verb seemed.
6. RECOGNIZING COMPLEMENTS An adverb is never a Adverb: The koala chews slowly. (The adverb slowly modifies the verb by telling how the koala chews. Complements: The koala chews eucalyptus leaves. (The noun leaves completes the meaning of the verb chews by telling what the koala chews.)
7. RECOGNIZING COMPLEMENTS | A complement is never a part of a prepositional phrase. Object of Preposition: Hannah is riding to her friend's house. (The noun house is the object of the preposition to.) Complement: Hannah is riding her bicycle. (The noun bicycle completes the meaning of the verb phrase is riding by telling what Hannah is riding.)
8. OBJECTS OF VERBS Direct objects and indirect objects complete the meaning of transitive verbs.
9. DIRECT OBJECTS The direct object is one type of complement. It completes the meaning of a transitive verb. A direct object is a noun, pronoun, or word group that tells who or what receives the action of the verb.
10. __ DIRECT OBJECTS A direct object answers the question Whom? or Whaf? after a transitive verb. x Examples: My brother bought a model. (My rother bought what? Bought a model. The noun model receives the action of the verb bought.) Jan called somebody for the assignment. (Jan called whom? Called somebody. The pronoun somebody receives the action of the verb called.)
11. DIRECT OBJECTS — A direct object may be a compound of two or more objects. Did the car have spoked wheels and a spoiler? (The compound direct object of the verb Did have is wheel and spoiler.) She needed glue, paint, and decals for her model. (The compound direct object of the verb needed is glue, paint, and
12. DIRECT OBJECTS A direct object can never follow a linking verb because a linking verb does not express action. Linking Verb: Julia Morgan was an architect. (The verb was does not express action: therefore, architect is not a direct object.)
13. ____INDIRECT OBJECTS The indirect object is another type of complement. Like the direct object, the indirect object helps complete the meaning of a transitive verb. Ifa sentence has an indirect object, it must also have a direct object.
14. ____INDIRECT OBJECTS An indirect object is a noun, pronoun, or word group that usually comes between the verb and the direct object. An indirect object tells to whom or to what or for whom or for what the action of the verb is done.
15. ____ INDIRECT OBJECTS x Examples: I gave that problem some thought. (The noun problem is the indirect object of the verb gave and answers the question “To what did I give some Dad bought himself some
16. INDIRECT OBJECTS If the word to or for is used, the nouns, pronoun, or word group following it is part of a prepositional phrase and cannot be an indirect object. Objects of Prepositions: The ship's captain gave orders to the crew. Vinnie made some lasagna
17. ___INDIRECT OBJECTS Like a direct object, an indirect object can be x Examples: She gave Ed and me the list of summer activities. (Ed and me are indirect objects of the verb gave. The answer the question “Jo whom did she give the Did the peacock show you
18. _ SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS —s| A subject complement is a word or word group that is in the predicate and that identifies or describes the A linking verb connects a subject complement to the » Examples: Bane Griamnaw te a halesael
19. _ SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS | x Examples: The airport appears very busy. (The subject complement busy describes the subject airport. The linking verb appears connects airport and busy.) What smells so good? (The
20. __ SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS x Examples: He was the one in the middle of the line, in fact. (The subject complement one identifies the subject He. The linking verb was connects He and one.) The author of that story is
21. __ SUBJECT COMPLEMENTS Subject complements always complete the Appear Become Grow Remain Smell Stay Be Feel Look Seem Sound Taste The two kinds of subject complements are the predicate nominative and the predicate
22. PREDICATE NOMINATIVES A predicate nominative is a word or word group that is in the predicate and that identifies the subject or refers to it. A predicate nominative may be a noun, a pronoun, or a word group that functions as a 2 noun. A CrP Feet PF ya tease a
23. PREDICATE NOMINATIVES x» Examples: Seaweed is algae, as I remember. (The noun algae is a predicate nominative following the linking verb fs. Algae identifies the subject Was the first runner-up
24. Expressions such as It's, I, and That was she may sound awkward even though they are correct. In informal situations, many people use It's me and That was her. Such expressions may one day become acceptable in formal situations as well. For now, however, it is best to follow the rules of standard, formal English in all formal speaking and writing.
25. PREDICATE NOMINATIVES Be careful not to mistake a direct object for a predicate nominative. A predicate nominative always completes the meaning of a linking verb. Direct Object: My brother admired the acrobat. (Acrobat is the direct object of the action verb
26. PREDICATE NOMINATIVES _- x Examples: Maya Angelou is a great poet and storyteller. (Poet and storyteller are predicate nominatives. They identify the subject Maya Angelou and complete the meaning of the linking verb és.)
27. PREDICATE NOMINATIVES _- x Examples: Yesterday was my birthday, Labor Day, and the first day of the week! (Birthday, Labor Day, and day are predicate nominatives. They identify the subject Yesterday and complete — lager? * } JL ea ie th eee
28. _ PREDICATE ADJECTIVES _— A predicate adjective is an adjective that is in the predicate and that describes the subject. A predicate adjective is connected to the subject by a linking verb. » Examples: By 9:30 P.M., I was very tired. (The adjective
29. _ PREDICATE ADJECTIVES —> Like a predicate nominative, a predicated adjective may be compound. x» Examples: The blanket felt soft and fuzzy. (Both soft and ited) describe the subject blanket.) The cave looked cold,