This booklet helps students to learn about the English colonization and also discusses the survival and various aspects of Jamestown.
1. Unit: English Colonization MYP Unit Question: How does where we live affect how we live? Focus Question: How did Jamestown colony survive? Tuesday, October 23rd, Focus Activity: 2019 Hand in HW (pg. 6) Happy National Homework: iPod Day! 1. STUDY!! Extra help Reminders: tomorrow morning, 7:15 1. 13 Colonies map quiz on Thursday, October 24th
2. After Roanoke, English gentlemen still wanted to return to North America to create another colony. If you were living in England at this time, would you think that this is a good idea? Explain why or why not.
3. King James I
4. Royal Charter Rights One right was that the settlers were guaranteed specific land to settle on. Another right was that the settlers in the New World would have the same rights as English citizens.
7. Similarities/Differences One similarity was that the English wanted to find gold. Another similarity was that the English wanted to find a NW passage. One difference was that only the English want to find the lost
11. The Jamestown Colony
12. Most of the people who came to Jamestown were wealthy men who never had to work in England. These settlers were more interested in searching for gold and silver than in planting crops for food. • D: Captain John Smith, a young soldier and explorer, set up rules that forced colonists to work if they wished to eat.
13. Captain John Smith
14. Settlers feared the local Powhatan Indians • C: Captain John Smith, a young soldier and explorer, visited nearby Powhatan Indians and asked their leader, Powhatan, to supply corn to the English. This began a friendship that lasted for some time (later, whenever the natives refused to help, the English used force to make them help- this often led to wars).
17. The real story of Pocahontas?
19. Disease and lack of food killed 2/3 of settlers in the first few months. Land of the settlement at Jamestown was swampy and filled with mosquitoes. The water was unhealthy to drink. • B: The Powhatan tribe taught the English how to farm and work with the land, and traded with them. The natives helped the English learn how to adapt to their environment to survive.
20. Chief of the
21. After two years, there were about 500 settlers in Jamestown. However they suffered a very harsh winter and about 80% of the settlers died of starvation, exposure to the cold and disease. This period of time is known as “the starving time.” • E: After 1612, colonists began growing tobacco, which they learned about from the Powhatans. • Tobacco saved the Jamestown colony and helped the English succeed in the New World. • More women came to the colony. The population grew.
22. A letter from the Virginia Company, 1621 “We send you in this ship one widow and eleven maids [unmarried women] for wives for the people of Virginia…and you may assure such men as marry those women that the first servants sent over by the Company shall be consigned [assigned to work] for them, it being our intent to preserve families and to prefer married men before single
24. Colonists were annoyed by the strict rule of the Virginia Company governor. Harsh laws imposed the death penalty even for small offenses, like stealing an ear of corn. • A: The king appointed a governor for control • In 1619, the Virginia Company set up the House of Burgesses = the first representative government in the English colonies • White, landowning men elected representatives (burgesses) to help make decisions for the colony
25. Representative Government A government in which people choose leaders (representatives) to make decisions for them.