This booklet shares information about the Plain Indians. It helps students to learn about their livelihood, daily life, travel, and settlers.
2. The Plains Indians lived in the middle region of the United States. This is roughly west of the Mississippi River and east of the Rocky Mountains This land is made up of miles of treeless grasslands….which is perfect grazing fields for buffalo!
3. In between the River and the
4. Some well known tribes in the Plains region are the: Crow Sioux Cheyenne Apache
6. The best hunters had the highest rank Men hunted deer, rabbit and elk. Dogs would pull the catch back to camp.
8. Women spent the day fetching water, sweeping, hoeing the fields, cooking and The land far from rivers was tough to garden, but near rivers they would grow corn, squash and sunflowers. They picked berries and nuts. The Plains women excelled at “quillwork.” These quills were sewn in clothing and used for artwork on tipis.
10. Babies were taught at a very young age not to cry because it might scare away food. At four years old the girls would help their mother with her chores and boys would listen to war stories and practice their hunting skills. Learning skills was an important part of childhood. Boys and girls never played together, they knew they had separate roles in life. Children often played a game stick ball game similar to hockey.
11. The tipi (teepee) was a portable house made up of poles arranged in a cone shape many buffalo skins sewn together Easy to put up, take down, and move The opening always faced East (toward the morning sun.) It took about one hour for a women to assemble the family’s tipi.
13. The Plains Indians lives changed when horses were brought to America. They traded for (and sometimes stole) them from Spanish settlers. The horses helped with hunting, tribal trading and wars. Warriors would paint their horses to show the history of battles.
14. Summer: deerskin Winter: buffalo Most Plains Indians wore a belt to hang tools, knives or cups from, since they had no pockets. Shoes: moccasins. Some were made from deerskin, quills, and beads. Hairpipes, long thin beads made from bones, were often woven into the hair and kept for life. If a man dbeen a great warrior he would wear a war bonnet made of eagle feathers. The greater the warrior, the more feathers.
17. Before each hunt they performed a buffalo dance. On foot it took a very large group to catch a buffalo, they are very dangerous. The buffalo heart was left out on the plains as an offering. Men and women would often record their lives on buffalo hides using pictographs.
20. When settlers came, it changed where the Plains Native Americans lived, the tools they used, and what they ate. The Plains Indians were the tribes to hold onto their culture the longest out of all of the Native American groups. Four of the largest Indian Reservations in the US are located in the Great Plains today. (South Dakota and Oklahoma)