Age of Exploration- Impacts and various Aspects

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This booklet traces the great voyages of discovery and knows their influence on the development of a new European worldview and also helps in understanding the impacts of exchanges between Europe, Africa, Asia and also examine the economic impact of exploration.
1. Age of Exploration
God, Gold, and Glory
Objective: To trace the great
voyages of discovery and know
their influence on the
development of a new European
3. Portugal Leads the Way
Essential Question: How did Portugal find an
ocean route to Asia?
► Europeans wanted luxury goods from
► Muslims and Italians controlled the
land trade routes
► Portugal, Spain, and England wanted a
share of this trade
 They needed to find a sea route to Asia
5. ► Henrythe
 Son of Portugal’s king
 Supported exploration,
sponsored voyages
 Set up a school for
navigators, and
shipbuilders. They
perfected the caravel,
a ship designed for
long voyages.
6. ► The Portuguese Reach India
 1460 - the Portuguese started traveling and
setting up ports along the west coast of Africa
 1488 – Bartolomeu Dias rounded the bottom
of Africa and sailed up the east coast
 1498 – Vasco da Gama made it all the way
around Africa and reached India
 Eventually they set up trading posts in the
Spice Islands (modern day Indonesia)
 Land trade can be expensive, sea trade was
much cheaper thus much more profitable
8. Columbus Reaches America
Essential Question: Why did Columbus sail
west? What did he find?
► Columbus was
an Italian
hoping to find
a westward
route to Asia
9. ► Columbus’ First Voyage
 Portugal was in the lead for sea trade
 Spain wanted to catch up so Columbus
convinced King Ferdinand and Queen
Isabella of Spain to sponsor his voyage
 In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue…
with 3 caravels and about 90 men,
October 12th they reached land
10. ► Columbus’s Mistake
 Columbus thought he reached India, he
called the people he met “Indios (Indians)”
 He actually landed on an island in the
Caribbean Sea
 He thought he found a route to Asia, set up
a settlement and sailed back to Spain
11. ► The Treaty of Tordesillas
 Spain wanted to make sure they didn’t claim
lands that Portugal already claimed so in
1494 they signed the Treaty of Tordesillas
 It drew an imaginary line around the world
and split the world in half
12. Exploration After Columbus
Essential Question: Which other European
countries explored and claimed parts of the
► Circumnavigation
 1519, the Spanish sponsored Ferdinand
Magellan (a Portuguese sailor) with 5 ships
and 250 men to circumnavigate the globe
 Magellan was killed in the Philippine Islands,
but his crew continued under Juan Sebastian
del Cano
 After 3 years, one ship and 18 of the original
crew left, they made it back to Spain
14. ► Spanish Conquerors
 In the 1500s, many
Spanish explorers came
to the Americas
 Gained control of all of
present-day Mexico,
Central America, & parts
of South America
 Hernan Cortes conquered
the Aztecs in Mexico
 Francisco Pizarro
conquered the Incas in
South America
15. Hernan Cortez & the Aztecs
16. Reflection
► Pretend you are an Aztec during the
Age of Exploration, how would you
react to the arrival of Cortes and the
Spanish explorers?
(3-5 Sentences)
17. Francisco Pizarro and the
18. ► Further North
 Hernando de Soto and Francisco
Coronado explored territory in North
America for gold but neither found
 English and French tried to find a
Northwest passage to Asia through
North America.
 NONE found passage to Asia, but
many made important discoveries…
19.  John Cabot (Italian
explorer sponsored by
England) claimed coastal
lands for England, but
didn’t reach Asia
 Giovanni da
Verrazzano (Italian
explorer sponsored by
France) explored New
York harbor, but didn’t
reach Asia
 Jacques Cartier
(French) explored Canada
but didn’t reach Asia
20. ► Mapmaking and a New
 After these explorations, the
European worldview
expanded from the
Mediterranean Sea to the
Americas to the Spice Islands
 Cartographers and mapmakers
played a leading role in
changing the worldview
 Amerigo Vespucci named the
new continents “The Americas”
22. Sailors Wanted!
► Directions:
Pretend you are an explorer
and you need to hire sailors for your
expedition to the Americas. Create a
“want ad” for sailors to join your
exploration crew to the “New World”
 Include:
►The Destination (Where you are going)
►Convincing Argument
►The Adventure (Describe dangers and
►The Reward/Pay (Describe the benefits)
23. Starter #3
► List3 goods (plants/animals) that are
indigenous * to the Americas. [page 521]
*indigenous – originally from a region or
24. Starter #4
Describe at least THREE negative
consequences to the Age of Exploration.
-One short paragraph (3-5 sentences)
Sentence Frames:
One negative consequence of the Age of
Exploration was ________. It caused the
Another negative effect of the Age of
Exploration was the ____________.
One last negative result of the Age of
Exploration was ______________.
25. Impact of Exploration
Objective: To understand the
impact of exchanges between
Europe, Africa, and Asia and
examine the economical
impact of exploration
26. The Exchange of Goods and
Essential Question: What goods and ideas
were exchanged between the two
► The Columbian Exchange
 Movement of living things between
 Europe and Africa => America
►Horses, wheat, onions, grapes, sugar
cane, and oranges
►Measles and smallpox (killed 20 million)
 America => Europe and Africa
►Corn, potatoes, pumpkins, and pineapples
28. ► Triangular Trade
 Trade between the Americas, Europe, and
Africa mainly involving the sugar cane and
29. ► The Spread of Culture
 Spain and Portugal spread Christianity to
the Americas
 Europeans drank coffee from Arabia and
used sugar produced from African slave
labor in the Americas
30. A Global Economy
► Look at the tag of your sweater, shirt,
or jacket. Write down where it is made
and where the materials come from.
► Write and explanation for why you
think your clothes are made there?
► My __________ is made in ___________
and the materials are from ___________.
I think it is made in __________
because ___________.
31. Rivalry for Colonies
Essential Question: What European countries
competed for colonies?
► Colonies provided European nations with
raw materials and ready markets
► Portugal => Africa, India, East Asia, and
► Spain => Philippines, Peru, and Mexico
► Dutch => East Indies
► French => India, Canada, and America
► England => North America, Caribbean,
and India
33. ► The Spanish Armada
 England and Spain came into conflict over
the Americas
 ALSO, England is Protestant and Spain is
 1588 the Spanish Armada sailed up the
English Channel to attack England, the
English navy defeated them because they
were faster and better armed.
 The crushing blow weakened Spain and
established England as a naval force allowing
England to grow their empire overseas
36. Europe’s Economy Changes
Essential Question: How did the Age of
Exploration lead to the development of
modern capitalism?
► Results of colonization
► Capitalism: an economic system based
on private ownership of economic
resources invested to make a profit.
[competition is key!]
► Chartered Company: companies that
held licenses from the government
that gave them the sole right to trade
in a particular area
37. ► Mercantilism: a nation’s power depended
on it’s wealth from control of trade and
 Finding gold and silver
 Obtain gold and silver though a favorable
balance of trade (sells more than it buys)
 Colonies provided a source of gold and silver,
raw materials, also a market for
manufactured goods
38. Government and Economy: Less
or More Control?
► Some economists
such as Adam Smith
defended the idea of a
free market economy
in his influential book
Wealth of Nations
(1776), which became
the foundation of