This is lesson teaches all the essential elements of a fictional story. Fiction writing is the composition of non-factual prose texts. Fictional writing often is produced as a story meant to entertain or convey an author's point.
1. Terms To Know
2. PLOT • Refers to the chain of related events that take place in a story. • In most stories events are set in motion by conflicts – struggles between or within characters
4. EXPOSITION • Provides needed background information NARRATIVE HOOK • The part of the plot in which the reader’s attention is grabbed
5. RISING ACTION • The part of the plot in which the conflict intensifies CLIMAX • The turning point of the action, when the reader’s interest is at the highest point
6. FALLING ACTION • Also known as the “denouement” RESOLUTION • The action after the climax, in which the conflict is often resolved.
7. CHARACTER • The individuals, real or imaginary, who take part in the action of stories. – Main characters – the characters at the center of the story – Minor characters – less important ones
8. TYPES OF CHARACTERS • Dynamic characters – characters that grow or change as the story unfolds • Static characters – remained unchanged throughout the story
9. CHARACTERIZATION • The development of characters in stories – Four ways to develop • Physical description • Character’s own speech, feelings & actions • Other character’s speech, thoughts, & feelings • Narrator’s comments
10. SETTING • Time and place in which the events occur – Can be real or imaginary – Can be a particular time of day, a season, a period of history, or even the future.
11. THEME • Central idea or message in a work of literature –It is primarily what the story means, not what the story is about
12. POINT OF VIEW • Refers to the relationship between a narrator and the events he or she describes. –First person, third person, third person omniscient, and third person limited.
13. FIRST PERSON POINT OF VIEW • The narrator is a participant in the story. –“I” and “we”
14. THIRD PERSON POINT OF VIEW • A narrator outside the action describes the events and characters
15. THIRD PERSON OMNISCIENT • The narrator is “all- knowing” and able to see into the minds of all the characters
16. THIRD PERSON LIMITED • The narrator perceives events only through the eyes of one character • Will describe only that character’s thoughts and feelings, and only the events that the character witnesses.