The Declaration of American Independence

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This booklet depicts the history of the Declaration of Independence, covers the reasons, impacts, consequences, and also discusses several factors leading to this kind of situation.
1. The Declaration of Independence
2. 2 nd Continental Congress
! At the 2nd Continental Congress,
representatives from all the
colonies agreed to go to war. !
! To make it official they elected a
committee to write a document to
send to the King. !
! This document would later be
known as the Declaration of
Independence, and was officially
passed on July 4, 1776!
3. Declaration of Independence
! Declaration:
! Independence –
self reliance and
freedom from
outside control.
4. Declaration of Independence
! Thomas Jefferson
detailed the colonies’
reasons for breaking
away with Great Britain.
! Jefferson claimed that the
king did not look after
the interests of the
colonist and therefore we
should create our own
5. Declaration of Independence
! Thomas Jefferson was likely
influenced by the publications of John
! Locke believed in:
! “natural law” – the idea that
people behave like they’re
supposed to because it’s human
! “natural rights” – that because we
are human, we are guarantee by the
Heavens…life, liberty and property.
6. Declaration of Independence
! Jefferson further added that:
1.)We had certain unalienable
rights. Which means rights that
cannot be taken away.
2.) Governments receive their
power from the consent of the
governed, which means the people
3.) You have the right to
overthrow a government that
violates your rights.
7. Declaration of Independence
! Part I: Ideals for writing
this document
! The Declaration sets
forth the Founders'
beliefs about the
purposes of
government. It explains
how government is
created. It is one of the
best statements of the
ideals of our nation. !
8. The Ideals
! Explains why the Continental Congress drew up the Declaration!
! “When in the Course of Human events, it becomes
necessary for one people to dissolve the political
bands which have connected them with another, and
to assume among the Powers of the earth…a decent
respect to the opinions of mankind requires that they
should declare the causes which impel them to the
! “…all Men are created equal, that they are endowed by
their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among
these are Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness-
That to secure these Rights, Governments are instituted
among Men, deriving their just Powers from . the
Consent of the Governed,…”!
9. Declaration of Independence
! Part II: Arguments!
! This lists the rights of
the citizens, explaining
that in a“republic”, the
people form the
government to protect
their rights.!
10. ! “Whenever any Form of Government becomes
destructive of these Ends it is the Right of the
People to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new
government, laying its Foundation on such principles,
and organizing its Powers in such Form, as to them
shall seem most likely to effect their Safety and
Happiness. Prudence, indeed, will dictate that
Governments long established should not be
changed for light and transient causes…”!
! “…Mankind are more disposed to suffer, while
Evils are sufferable, than to right themselves by
abolishing the Forms to which they are
accustomed. But when a long Train of Abuses and
Usurpations, pursuing invariably the same Object,
evinces a Design to reduce them under absolute
Despotism, it is their Right, it is their Duty, to throw
off such Government, and to provide new Guards
for their future Security. “!
11. Declaration of Independence
! Part III: List of
Grievances or
Complaints !
! This lists the
colonists’ multiple
against the British
! (King George
gets the blame).!
12. List of Grievances
! Example-
! Intolerable Acts:
! “He has kept
among us, in
times of peace,
Standing Armies
without Consent
of our
13. Sugar Act
“For Imposing Taxes on us
without our Consent”
14. Quartering Act
“For Requiring
the Quartering or
Housing of
British Soldiers”
15. Boston Massacre
“He has
plundered our
Seas, Ravaged our
Coasts, Burnt our
Towns, and
destroyed the
Lives of our
16. Mercantilism
! “For Cutting off trade between the
colonies and all parts of the world.”
17. Declaration of Independence
! Part IV: Conclusion : The
bond between Great Britain
and the colonies is gone. !
! This section declares that
the colonies are “Free and
Independent States” with
full power to make war, form
alliances, and trade with
! …we mutually pledge to
each other our Lives, our
Fortunes, and our sacred
18. Common Sense
! When Thomas Paine
wrote the pamphlet,
Common Sense he was “The Powers of governing…
pointing out that the king in the hands of the king…
held all of the power, not himself such an…enemy to
the people. The king was liberty…is he…a proper
taking away their political person to say to these
rights. They needed to colonies, “You shall make no
change that. laws but what I please.”
! He urged support for
19. Uncertain Future??
20. Uncertain Future??
! Benjamin Franklin’s
drawing from the 1750s.
! Franklin stressed that the
colonies must be united if
they are to prevail against
Great Britain.
! Every person who chose
to join the patriots was
putting everything at risk