Author's Purpose and Point of View

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For what reason does an author write their selection? What is the tone of their writing, and how does it imply their intention? The following presentation explains.
1. Author’s Purpose
Point of View

2. What are our learning goals?
* To understand and
identify the different
purposes of texts.
To distinguish
between non-fiction
and fiction.
To understand how the
author’s point of view
affects the text.

3. What is the purpose?
* Did you know that
everything you read
has a purpose?
When an author writes
something (book,
magazine, textbook,
newspaper article),
he/she chooses his/her
words for a purpose.

4. What is the purpose?
* The author’s purpose
is the main reason that
he/she has for writing a
the selection.

° The author’s purpose
will be to:
— Entertain
— Inform
— Persuade
5. What is the author’s
point of view?
* When an author writes
to entertain,
persuade, or inform,
he/she will have
his/her point of view
on the subject.
Point of view is an
author’s opinion about
the subject.

6. How does the author’s purpose &
author’s point of view go together?
* Author’s purpose and
point of view go together.
The author will want you
to see the topic from
his/her point of view or
through his/her eyes.
For some issues, you will
be able to tell if the author

7. I know the purpose!
* When you are able to
recognize the author’s
purpose, you will have
a better understanding
of the selection.
Also, the purpose will
determine how you
read a selection.

8. Can a selection have two purposes?
* Some selections will
have two purposes.
For example, if the
article is about eating
healthy, it will try to
persuade you to eat
your vegetables as
well as, inform you
about the different
types of food groups.

9. Author’s Purpose: Inform
If the author’s purpose is
to inform, you will learn
something from the
Information pieces
sometime use one or more
of the following:
— Facts
— Details/Instructions
— Places

— Events
— People
10. Author’s Purpose: Persuade
If the author’s purpose is to
persuade, the author will want
you to believe his/her
Persuasive pieces are usually
Although there are facts, it
contains the author’s
With persuasive pieces, it is
clear on the author’s point of
view (if he/she is FOR or
bad th hay

11. Author’s Purpose: Entertain
* Tf the author’s purpose is
to entertain, one goal
may be to tell a story or to &
describe characters, places
or events (real or

Examples of entertaining
texts include: plays,
poems, stories, jokes, or
even comic strips..
12. Determine the author’s purpose
Children’s Pain and
Fever Reducer
For fast, sate relief
of fever and/or pain
Dosage Information
Under 24 Ibs. Consult
24-35lbs. 1 tsp
36-60lbs. 2tsp
Repeat every
4-6 hours

* Use the information
on the bottle to
determine the author’s
— A. To Inform
— B. To Entertain
— C. To Persuade
13. Can you identify the author’s
Children’s Pain and
Fever Reducer
For fast, sate relief
of fever andior pain
Dosage Information
Under 24 Ibs, Consult
24-35lbs. 1 tsp
36-60bs. 2tsp
Repeat every
4-6 hours

* The correct answer is
A, to inform.
* The label contained
information and
instructions on how to
use the medicine.
14. Can you identify the author’s

purpose? Inform
ba Entertain

° His face appeared in the window. She knew he
had been the cause of her waking at 3 a.m. Was
she seeing things? Was his face real? She tried to
lie still and decide what to do. Just then, the
window shattered. She flew across the room to the
hallway and straight into her mother’s room.
15. Can you identify the author’s
* The correct answer is
to entertain.
° The author tried to
capture a suspenseful
mood in the story.
° The story is probably

16. Can you identify the author’s
° It is recommended that parents read to their
children everyday, starting as early as six
months of age. When you read with your
children, you are starting them off in life as
a life-long reader and learner. It is never too
late to pick up a book and read; people in
their eighties have learned how to read and
discovered the pleasure of reading. Turn off
the television and read a book!
17. Can you identify the author’s
You can tell the
author wrote this
passage to
A. Inform
B. Entertain
C. Persuade

18. Can you identify the author’s
* The correct answer is
C, to persuade.
This is an emotional
appeal to do the right
thing: READ!
Also, the last sentence
tells you encourages
you to do something:
“Turn off the

19. What are the steps to determining the
author’s purpose and point of view?
1. Read the
2. Determine if the
selection is
fiction or

20. What is Fiction?
A fiction piece is from the author’s
imagination and is not based on facts.
Fiction pieces will be stories.
The purpose of fiction is to entertain the
Fiction creates a mood, a feeling you get
from reading the selection. The mood could
be happy, sad, scary, angry, peaceful, etc...
21. What is Non-fiction?
* Non-fiction pieces are based on facts and
author’s opinions about a subject.
* Non-fiction pieces could be biographies,
articles from textbooks, newspaper and
magazine articles.
* The purpose of non-fiction writing is to
inform and sometimes to persuade.
22. Click the following link:
Answer these questions about the Black Death from the reading using a sheet of paper.
1. Read the first 4 paragraphs —
Based on your reading, what was the Black Death?
2. Read the “Signs of Impending Death” section
~based on your reading, what are the symptoms?
3.Read the “Varying Reactions to Disaster” section. Based on your reading, what are three
different ways people tried to avoid the Black Death?
4. Read the “Breakdown of Social Order” section
~based on your reading, how did the Black Death begin to break down the social order?
5. Read the “Mass Burials” section
~based on your reading, describe the different ways the dead were buried?
Now, use these answers to write your paragraph using the writing frame on the next slide...
23. Using this “writing frame” will help you
frame your answer to all of these
questions into one paragraph:
In the primary source document “ ;
written by , it describes
. The Black
Death was . According to the description in the
Decameron, the symptoms were
Three different ways people tried to avoid the Black Death

. The Black

Death began to break down the social order by
. The dead were buried

24. Hooray! You are done with this
Now, you may work on your Article
Answer all questions in the margins
Don’t forget to annotate!
Use the “handout” to answer the 6 questions
using the article ©