4. What is a vowel? * All vowel sounds are voiced, which means you can feel the vibration of your vocal cords if you touch your hand to your throat.
5. What is a vowel? * The two main types of vowel sounds are often called short vowels and long vowels. * These terms can be confusing because we can’t hear any difference in the actual length of the vowel sounds. ¢ Another name for short vowels is lax. * Another name for long vowels is tense.
6. What is a vowel? A good way to remember the short vowel sounds is saying the following sentence: Fat Ed is not up. All the vowel sounds in this sentence are short (or lax) sounds. The mark that signifies a short vowel is called a breve.
7. What is a vowel? To remember the long (tense) vowel sounds, just think of each letter’s name: The mark that signifies a long vowel sound is called a macron.
8. What is a consonant? * A consonant is a sound made by moving part of the mouth to touch another, such as the lips, tongue, or teeth.
9. What is a consonant? * Consonant sounds can be voiced or unvoiced. * Say each sound, and touch your hand to your = throat to see if these consonant sounds are voiced or unvoiced...
10. What is a syllable? *A syllable is a word or a part of a word with one vowel sound. * A syllable can be pushed out in one breath. Your chin will usually drop slightly as you say each syllable in a * Say the word for each picture and count the syllables.
11. How many syllables?
12. Closed Syllables * A closed syllable can only have one * The vowel is followed by one or more * The vowel sound is short. hop kick fast
13. Open Syllables * An open syllable has only one vowel. * The vowel is the last letter in the syllable. * The vowel sound is long. hi go she
15. go t
16. sh_ di
17. Let’s read some bigger words with open and closed syllables...
18. Final Stable Syllables * A final stable syllable is just that... * Final: It must be the last syllable of a * Stable: It is always pronounced the same way.
19. Final Stable Syllables One common final stable syllable is the Consonant-le pattern: bugle candle noble fumble bubble puzzl OFti e
20. Final Stable Syllables Other final stable syllables include -tion, - sion, -ture, -cian, -cious, -tious. nation capture sessio preciou Fhusician = fnfectious
21. Other Syllable Types There are 3 other syllable types: * R-Controlled * Vowel-Consonant-e * Vowel Team
22. Other Syllable Types You have already learned how to read little words with these patterns. *R-Controlled: fur, stir, corn
23. Other Syllable Types If you see one of these patterns as a syllable in a big word, the same rules usually apply. * R-Controlled: marker, fortune, burden * Vowel-Consonant-e: reptile, mistake * Vowel Team: maintain, steamboat, power
24. R-Controlled Syllables * Has one vowel followed by an r. * The vowel is not long or short. * The vowel is controlled by the r. fur hor starte J. n r
25. Vowel-Consonant-e Syllables * Has a vowel, a consonant, then an e. * The first vowel has a long sound. * The e is silent. rid cape mistake fote Pete reptile
26. Vowel Team Syllables * A vowel with another letter or letters that makes a vowel sound. * Vowel digraph * Diphthong * Vowel teams with consonant letters
27. Vowel Team Syllables * Vowel digraph: two vowels together that make one sound Sail green maintain read __ float rainbow
28. Vowel Team Syllables * Diphthong: two vowels together that begins with one vowel sound and glides into another soil clown enjoy boy found downtown
29. Vowel Team Syllables * Vowel teams with consonant letters (gh) hig taught Bught straighte eight — Hightligh | t