This is an MCQ quiz for IELTS, which includes questions on academic reading in which multiple choice questions are to be answered on the basis of the passage given.
According to the passage, In which era did the hot-air balloons come into use?
Six dynasties (220-589 AD)
Three kingdoms era (220-280 AD)
Shang dynasty (1600-1046 BC)
Imperial China (221 BC – 1912 AD)
Who used the early incarnation of the hot-air balloons?
When did the first manned hot air balloon come into use?
September 19, 1783
November 21, 1783
August 18, 1783
Who developed the Modern Day Hot-air Balloons?
Pilatre de Rozier
What was the name given to the first modern hot air balloon?
In a balloon constructed by Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, a Frenchman named Pilatre de Rozier was elevated how many feet off the ground?
The use of hot-air balloons can be traced back to the Three Kingdoms era of Chinese history (220-280 AD). Zhuge Liang used these early incarnations, known as Kongming lanterns, as military signals. The first manned flight on record took place in France on October 15th, 1783. In a balloon constructed by Jacques-Etienne Montgolfier, a Frenchman named Pilatre de Rozier was elevated eighty feet off the ground. Modern hot-air balloons, with their capacity to ascend or descend and occasionally ‘steer’ at the pilot’s will, were first developed by Ed Yost in the 1950s. The Bristol Belle is generally regarded as the first modern hot-air balloon and had its inaugural flight in 1967. Since then, balloon technology has become extremely sophisticated. Some hot-air balloons have reached altitudes of 21,000 metres, travelled over 7,500 kilometres, and reached speeds of up to 400 kilometres per hour.