This lesson will give students an idea to relate to similar or like-minded situations.
1. #4 - draw conclusions & make inferences about ideas and information based on
3. Thinking out of
4. To solve an analogy you must think “outside of the You have to think in a different way.
5. Analogy questions La movan=1 a described as is to is to
6. a MEE Sra sd py a li etl analogy question would look: puppy : dog:: kitten:
it would be read as “puppy is to dog as kitten is to ?”
7. The answer Is, of course,
8. yw LS Pld Se GQHaiwyy 7 you might think of the relationship between puppy & dog. A puppy isa young They are the same, dog. yet different.
9. to complete the analogy _ Kitten is a
10. This analogy showed a between two
11. Other examples of analogies
12. Parts to a whole In this type of analogy, a pair of words consists of a part and a whole.
13. spoke : wheel (part to the whole) A spoke is part ofa
14. Type and These analogies use pairs of words in which one word is a specific type ina general category.
15. orange : citrus An orange isa_ of citrus fruit.
16. degree of Teese as These analogies test your ability to find small variations in the meanings among a pair of words.
17. shower : monsoon A shower & are both rains, but wil D a monsoon is et much stronger.
18. These questions pair words that Va a= there, through function.
19. hammer : build A hammer is used to build
20. This type of analogy describes iaaY= mit Talal) am ia which an action is
21. shamble : walk Shamble means to in an awkward
22. symbol or These analogies pair words in which one word is the symbol of the
23. dove : peace A dove isa of peace.
24. action & In this type of analogy, one word describes an action and the other word indicates the Significance of the
25. cry : sorrow To cry sorrow.
26. Let’s try a
27. Sherpa : Tibet :: Me hott: | a. Bicycle b. Kenya c. desert d. Mountain
28. answer Is c. Kenya Even if you do not know the exact meaning of the words in the question you might be able to guess the correct answer.
29. Even if you were unable to describe the relationship between the words because they are unfamiliar to you, you could probably see that Kenya is the only country offered as a choice. Seeing that Tibet, another country is the 2" half of the first pair, you can figure that a country is necessary to complete the Sherpa are people of Massai are people of aa it
Let’s try anot
31. iron: Fe:: silver : a. Na b. Cl
32. answer is c. Ag Sometimes factual knowledge is necessary to answer an analogy question. Even if you eMail te lem ARS Oi AT) chemical symbols, as in this question, you can find them in the dictionary by looking under the heading “elements”.
33. Don’t give up - let’s try another
34. About : bout:: " mend a. Amend b. Near c. Tear (Pee Sn s4
35. answer is a. In this case, the answer is amend because that is the word formed by adding “a” in front of mend. You will also find anagrams (words that use the same letters, but in a different arrangement) in analogy questions.
37. Tardy : 4 Liberal : generous What are you looking for in this
38. Liberal and generous are synonyms. To complete the analogy you would look for a synonym for tardy. Antonyms are often used in analogies, as well.
39. One more??
40. Warm : hot:: - hilarious
41. answer is d. To answer this one you need to figure out the relationship. This is an analogy of degrees. Warm is less intense than hot, therefore, what answer choice is something less intense than hilarious?
42. Some test takers will impulsively pick “a” (humid) because humid is related to the 1st word pair (warm & hot), but it is not part of the analogy of degrees.
43. Other test takers will choose “b” (raucous) because they think that the word pair, warm : hot, is a synonym pair.
44. Choosing “c” summer is a slightly different case. This is another way to show how the test taker might be distracted by a wrong answer choice. “c” might be selected because warm : hot reminds idol - Mat] ant) lem)
45. Remember to look at both pair of words and figure out the correct
46. For our practices you will always have the opportunity to use a dictionary to look up any words unfamiliar to you to help you to figure out the meaning or relationship between the words.