Learning how to relate nouns or pronouns in sentences that share common adjectives or adverbs with different degrees.
2. Start with an adjective.
3. This sentence shows the use of large in the positive degree.
This hippopotamus is large.
4. But what happens when you want to compare the large hippopotamus to something else?
5. When you compare the large hippopotamus to another thing, you have to use the comparative degree. This means that the word has to change.
6. There are 2 ways that you can change “large” to the comparative eAdd “er” to the end of the word eAdd “more” to the front of the word large + er = larger
7. The hippopotamus is larger than the pig. o Sp.
8. Some adjectives, especially those with 3 syllables or more, use “more” instead of “er.” Here’s an example:
9. The hippopotamus is more intelligent than the chicken.
10. But what should we do if we want to compare our large hippopotamus with more than just one other thing? What should we do if we want to compare our large hippopotamus to....let’s say....3 other things?
11. We would then use the adjective in the superlative degree, and that means that our word would have to change again.
12. There are 2 ways that you can change “large” to the superlative eAdd “est” to the end of the word eAdd “most” to the front of the word large + est = largest
13. The hippopotamus is the largest one in the bunch.
14. Here’s an example where you would use “most” in front of an
15. The hippopotamus is the most courteous animal of the group.
May | please be excused?
16. So, we have learned that we can use an adjective to show relationships in the comparative and superlative degrees: 9