What is Microteaching?

Contributed by:
Sharp Tutor
We try to study the concept of micro-teaching and will find:
The best approach to understanding the nature of teaching is establishing a harmonious relationship between teacher, student, and subject.
Effectiveness in teaching does not relate to the teacher’s age, sex, and teaching experience.
1. Dr. Pratibha Gupta
Associate Professor
Deptt. of Community Medicine
Era’s Lucknow Medical College
2. What is Teaching?
The best approach to understanding the nature
of teaching is establishing a harmonious
relationship between teacher, student and subject.
Teaching is the activity of facilitating learning.
Effectiveness in teaching does not relate to
teacher’s age, sex, and teaching experience.
3. Defective Teaching Learning
4. What is learning &How learning
happens? ….:
•Learning – Knowledge acquired by study.
•Learning happens and knowledge is
There is a famous saying:
I hear… I forget;
I see … I remember;
I do … I understand.
5. How learning happens? ….:
We remember ..
20% of what we hear;
30% of what we see;
50% of what we see and hear;
90% of what we see, hear & do.
6. How learning happens? ….:
hear & see
hear, see &
7. Changes in Teacher Role
A shift from: A shift to:
1. Knowledge transmitter, 1. Learning facilitator,
primary source of collaborator, coach,
information, content mentor, knowledge
expert, and source of all navigator, and co-learner.
2. Teacher controls and 2. Teacher gives students
directs all aspects of more options and
learning responsibilities for their
own learning
8. Changes in Student Role
A shift from: A shift to:
1. Passive recipient of 1. Active participant in the
information. learning process.
2. Reproducing 2. Producing and sharing
knowledge. knowledge,
participating at times
as expert.
3. Learning
3. Learning as a solitary
with others
9. Dr. Allen and his group evolved Microteaching in
1963 in America.
10. What is Microteaching?
•Teaching of a small unit of content to the small group
of students (6-10 number) in a small amount of time
(5-10 min.)
•To train inexperience student-teachers for acquiring
teaching skills.
•To improve the skills of experience teachers.
11. Microteaching Cycle
Step- I : Micro Lesson Plan (may take 2 hrs/ a
Step-II : Teach 5 Min.
Step-III : Feedback Session 5 Min.
Step-IV : Re-plan 10 Min.
Step-V : Re-teach Another group 5 Min.
Step-VI : Re-feedback 5 Min.
Total 30 Min. (Appr.)
12. Characteristics of Microteaching
1) Duration of teaching as well as number of
students are less.
2) Content is divided into smaller units.
3) Only one teaching skill is considered at a time.
4) Provision of immediate feedback.
5) In micro teaching cycle, there is facility of re-
planning, re-teaching and re-evaluation.
6) It puts the teacher under the microscope
7) All the faults of the teacher are observed.
8) The problem of discipline can also be controlled.
13. Comparison Between Micro Teaching and Traditional Teaching
 Traditional Teaching Micro teaching
1. Class consists of 40 to 60 1. Class consists of a small
students. group of 6 to 10 students.
2. The teacher practices 2. The teacher takes up one
several skills at a time. skill at a time.
3. The duration is 40 to 45 3. Duration of time for
minutes. teaching is 5 to 7 minutes.
4. Immediate feed-back is not 4. There is immediate feed-
available. back.
14. Contd…
 Traditional Teaching Micro teaching
5. There is no control over 5. Teaching is carried on under
situation. controlled situation.
6. The role of the supervisor is
6. The role of the supervisor is specific and well defined to
vague ( not clear). improve teaching.
7. Pattern of classroom 7. Pattern of classroom
interaction cannot be interaction can be studied
studied. objectively.
15. Skills of Micro teaching Techniques
1. Introduction Skill
2. Skill of Probing Questions
3. Skill of Explanation
4. Skill of Stimulus Variation
5. Skill of Black-board Writing
6. Skill of Achieving Closure
16. 1. Introduction Skill:
 Establishing rapports with the learners
Linking with past experiences
link between introduction and main parts
Use of appropriate devices/ techniques like
questioning, examples, etc.
17. 2. Skill of Probing Question:
• Probing questions are those which help the
pupils to think in depth about the various
aspects of the problem.
• By asking such questions again, the teacher
makes the pupils more thoughtful.
• Enable the pupils to understand the subject
18. 3. Skill of Explanation
It involves the ability of a teacher to describe
logically ‘How’, ‘Why’ and ‘What’ of concept
Precautions for skill of Explaining:
a) in simple language.
b) should not be given the shape of an advice.
c) should be in a sequence.
d) should be according to the age, experience and
mental level of the pupils
19. 4. Skill of Stimulus Variation
Teacher movement
Teacher gestures
Change in voice
Change in the interaction pattern
Student’s physical participation
20. 5. Skill of Black-board Writing
Components of the skill of blackboard writing are:
i. Legibility
ii. Size and alignment
iii. Highlighting main points
iv. Utilization of the space
v. Blackboard summary
vi. Correctness
vii. Position of the teacher and
viii. Contact with the pupils.
21. Blackboard Writing Skill
i. Legibility ( Easy to read ): A legible handwritin
22. Blackboard Writing Skill
23. Blackboard Writing Skill
24. Blackboard Writing Skill
25. 6. Skill of Achieving Closure
• Questions and statements by the teacher related
to the consolidation of the major points covered
during the lesson
• Opportunities provided by the teacher to the
pupils for linking the present knowledge with the
past knowledge.
• Opportunities provided by the teacher to the
pupils for applying the knowledge gained during
the lesson to the new situations.
26. Feedback in Micro teaching
• Helpful information or criticism that is given to
someone to say what can be done to improve a
performance, product etc.
• The success of micro teaching depends on
• It is used in various forms in case of micro
teaching by the supervisor, video-tape, films, T.V.,
which are various sources of feedback.
27. Advantages Of Microteaching
1. It focuses on sharpening and developing specific
teaching skills and eliminating errors.
2. It enables understanding of behaviours important
in class-room teaching.
3. It increases the confidence of the learner teacher.
4. It is a vehicle of continuous training for both
beginners and for senior teachers.
5. It provides experts supervision and constructive
28. •Microteaching involves presentation of micro
•Audience….small group of peers.
•Feedback given by peers role playing as
•Participants learn about strengths & weakness
in themselves as teachers
•Plan strategies for improvement in
29. Why teaching profession is good?
30. Remember!!!
Even the best teacher can
learn a great deal from his or
her students
31. 31
32. Need of the hour
Working Together, We Can achieve our goal and
expected qualities in higher education
33. Present Teacher Expected Teacher
34. .