This includes Divisibility which refers to whether or not a number is divisible by another number. If a number divides evenly into another number (no remainder), then it is divisible by that number.
1. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Section 1.1 – Patterns in Division Divisibility refers to whether or not a number is divisible by another number. If a number divides evenly into another number (no remainder), then it is divisible by that number. For example, . 36 is divisible by 4 since 9 divides evenly into 36 (there is no remainder). Divisibility by 10 Consider the following numbers. Circle the numbers that are divisible by 10. 44 50 62 75 90 38 40 10 88 120 How do we know if a number is divisible by 10? Rule: __________________________________________________________________________________________ Divisibility by 2 Consider the following numbers. Circle the numbers that are divisible by 2. 34 99 59 52 78 67 32 52 46 31 L. Brenton Page | 1
2. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations How do we know if a number is divisible by 2? Rule: __________________________________________________________________________________________ Divisibility by 5 Consider the following numbers. Circle the numbers that are divisible by 5. 80 49 61 25 40 57 55 78 10 15 How do we know if a number is divisible by 5? Rule: __________________________________________________________________________________________ Example 1: Circle the numbers that are divisible by both 2 and by 5. 54 20 33 75 40 48 65 22 10 15 Venn diagrams are diagrams that use circles to represent groups and to show the relationship between the groups. L. Brenton Page | 2
3. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations We can use a Venn Diagram to show the numbers divisible by 2 and 5. Divisible Divisible by 2 by 5 Divisible by 2 AND 5 Note: A number that is not divisible by either number is placed on the outside of the Divisibility by 4 and 8 Trying to figure out which numbers are divisible by 4 and 8 can be a little more difficult. However, we can develop a rule to help us quickly figure it out without having to complete long division. On the hundreds chart below, place a circle around all the numbers divisible by 4. L. Brenton Page | 3
4. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations On the chart below, continue the pattern. L. Brenton Page | 4
5. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations What do you notice? Write a rule for numbers divisible by 4. Rule: __________________________________________________________________________________________ Which of the following numbers is divisible by 4? Justify your answer. 24 321 436 2048 Example 2: Using the digits 0-9, replace the in each number with all the possibilities that will make each number divisible by 4. a) 13 b) 148 c) 234 d) 1552 Divisibility by 8 is similar to the rule for divisibility by 4 but, instead of the last two digits, we look at the last three. Rule: A number is divisible by 8 if the last three digits are divisible by 8. L. Brenton Page | 5
6. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Example 1: Explain which of the following are divisible by 8. Show how you know. a) 5872 b) 12 168 c) 3 024 L. Brenton Page | 6
7. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Section 1.2 – More Patterns in Division Divisibility by 3 Complete the chart below. The first one is done for you. Number Divisible by 3? Sum of Digits Sum of Digits Divisible by 3? 30 yes 9+0=9 yes 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 What do you notice?? Rule: __________________________________________________________________________________________ L. Brenton Page | 7
8. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Divisibility by 9 Complete the chart below. The first one is done for you Number Divisible by 9? Sum of Digits Sum of Digits Divisible by 9? 18 yes 9+0=9 Yes 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 What do you notice? Rule: _________________________________________________________________________________________ L. Brenton Page | 8
9. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Divisibility by 6 Sort the following numbers and place them in the Venn diagram. 12, 21, 36, 42, 56, 61, 74, 88, 93, 135, 246, 453, 728 Divisible by 2 Divisible by 3 Divisible by Neither Let’s place the numbers in a Venn diagram! What do you notice about the numbers in the overlapping region of the diagram? Write a rule for divisibility by 6: Rule: __________________________________________________________________________________________ L. Brenton Page | 9
10. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations We can also sort numbers using a Carroll diagram. Divisible by 2 Not Divisible by 2 Divisible by 3 Not Divisible by 3 Let’s sort these numbers: 1, 11, 15, 20, 24, 35, 47, 98, 100 Divisible by 5 Not Divisible by 5 Divisible by 2 Not Divisible by 2 L. Brenton Page | 10
11. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Section 1.3 – Algebraic Expressions Joe makes $3 on every chocolate bar he sells. How much money he earns, depends on how many bars he sells each week. We can express this situation as 3b. This means 3×b (3 times b, since he gets $3 per chocolate bar) “b” represents the number of chocolate bars “b” is called a variable 3b is called an expression. In the expression 3b, 3 is called the numerical coefficient. Numerical coefficient: _____________________________________________________________________ L. Brenton Page | 11
12. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations In the expression 3b + 5, 5 is called the constant. Constant Term: _____________________________________________________________________________ Example 1: In each expression, identify the variable, numerical coefficient and constant term. a) 3r+7 Variable: ____________ Numerical Coefficient: ____________ Constant Term: ____________ b) 4h – 1.3 Variable: ____________ Numerical Coefficient: ____________ Constant Term: ____________ c) 19 – 6w Variable: ____________ Numerical Coefficient: ____________ Constant Term: ____________ d) ½ d+3 Variable: ____________ Numerical Coefficient: ____________ Constant Term: ____________ L. Brenton Page | 12
13. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations e) 5.4k Variable: ____________ Numerical Coefficient: ____________ Constant Term: ____________ f) c – 8 Variable: ____________ Numerical Coefficient: ____________ Constant Term: ____________ Example 2: Write expressions for the following: a) Five more than a number _________________________________________________ b) Three less than a number __________________________________________________ c) Six times a number __________________________________________________________ d) Three more than two times a number __________________________________________________ e) A number divided by twenty _____________________________________________________________ f) One hundred divided by a number ______________________________________________________ g) Seven subtracted from four times a number ___________________________________________ h) Twelve time a number is added to fifteen ______________________________________________ i) Nine more than triple a number ________________________________________________________ L. Brenton Page | 13
14. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Just as we can write expressions for sentences, we can write sentences (words) for Example 3: a) 13p ____________________________________________________________________________________ b) m + 12 _________________________________________________________________________________ c) p/2 _____________________________________________________________________________________ d) 3k + 6 __________________________________________________________________________________ e) 16 – n/2 _______________________________________________________________________________ We can evaluate an expression for a given value, by “plugging” a value in where you see the variable. Example 4: Evaluate each expression assuming that n = 4. a) 4n = 4 (4) = 16 b) 12/n = c) 14 – n = d) n + 8 = e) 2n + 7 = f) 28 – 24/n = L. Brenton Page | 14
15. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Worksheet Part A: What words match with the mathematical operations? Math Symbol Words + - ÷ x Part B: Write English phrases for the following mathematical expressions. Expression Sentence L. Brenton Page | 15
16. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Part C: Translate each English expression or equation into mathematical form. English Expression 1. Double a number 2. A number increased by six. 3. A number decreased by four. 4. The sum of a number and ten. 5. Seven times a number. 6. Seven less than a number. 7. Half of a number increased by nine. 8. A number increased by seven is fourteen. 9. Three times a number plus six is twenty-four. 10. One-quarter of a number equals eighteen. 11. A number divided by five and then decreased by eight. 12. Seven decreased by a number Question: Which of the above are equations? How do you know? L. Brenton Page | 16
17. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Part D: For each algebraic expression, identify the numerical coefficient, the variable, and the constant term. Algebraic Numerical Variable Constant Term Expression Coefficient Part E: Evaluate each expression by replacing the variable with the given number. L. Brenton Page | 17
18. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Section 1.4 –Relationships in Patterns Consider the pattern: 1 2 3 4 We can show this in a table: Diagram # 1 2 3 4 5 (d) # of circles (c) What do you notice? What relationship do you see between the diagram number and the number of dots? In Words: 3d is a _________________________________________ because the variable, _____________, is related to the number of circles and vice versa. L. Brenton Page | 18
19. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations How is each term related to the term number? Write a relation for each. L. Brenton Page | 19
20. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Section 1.5 –Patterns and Relationships in Tables We can represent a relation using an input/output table. We enter numbers in the input column, do what the relation tells us, and write the result under the output. These tables come in handy when we want to graph our relations. Examples: Complete each table and explain how the output is related to the input. The output is two more than three times the input. The output is twelve minus the input. L. Brenton Page | 20
21. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations The output is three more than 5 times the input We can also write the relation using algebra when we are given the table. Examples: Write a relation for each table. L. Brenton Page | 21
22. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Section 1.6 – Graphing Relations We can use graphs to show the relationship between two quantities. Consider the example below: 1. Triangles are used to create the pattern below: Diagram 1 Diagram 2 Diagram 3 Complete the table and graph the relation: Diagram Number Number of Shaded (n) Triangles (t) 1 2 3 4 5 6 ** Remember, the input goes on the bottom (horizontal axis) and the output goes on the side (vertical axis). Write a relation to show how the number of squares is related to the diagram number, n. When the points on a graph fall in a straight line, the relation is called a L. Brenton Page | 22
23. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Try the following examples: 2. Sheila was having a party and could arrange the table and chairs as follows: Complete the table and graph the relation. Number of Number of tables (n) people 1 2 3 4 5 Write a relation to show how the number of squares is related to the diagram number, n. L. Brenton Page | 23
24. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations 3. Square tiles are used to create the pattern below. Complete the table and graph the relation. Diagram Number of number(n) squares 1 2 3 4 5 Write a relation to show how the number of squares is related to the diagram number, n. L. Brenton Page | 24
25. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Section 1.7 –Reading and Writing Equations Let’s be math detectives!! Example 1: I am thinking of a number. If you multiply it by 3 and add 4, you will get 13. What is the number? (Clue: Write the algebraic equation first!) What is an algebraic equation? It is a _________________________________________________________________ describing the relationship , using an _______________________________________, between two expressions. , then = __________ , then = __________ Example 2: I am thinking of a number. If you multiply it by 5 and subtract 4, the answer is 21. What is the number? Example 3: Katelyn bought 3 CD's. Each CD cost the same amount. The total cost is $36.00. A) Write the algebraic equation B) What is the cost of one CD? L. Brenton Page | 25
26. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Example 4: Write an equation for each sentence: A) Three more than a number is 15. B) A number subtracted from 5, is 1. C) Eight added to three times a number is 26. Example 5: Write a sentence for each equation: A) L. Brenton Page | 26
27. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations B) C) L. Brenton Page | 27
28. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations Section 1.8 – Solving Equations Using Algebra Tiles We can use algebra tiles to represent an expression or an equation. = +1, called a unit tile. = x, called a variable tile. a) can be represented as What expression is represented by the following? L. Brenton Page | 28
29. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations We can solve algebraic expressions using tiles: For example: We want to get the variable tiles (long tiles) on one side by themselves. To do this, we take away 3 tiles on the left side....but to keep the equation balanced, we must take away three tiles on the right side Example: Use tiles to solve each: L. Brenton Page | 29
30. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations = = so, = L. Brenton Page | 30
31. Grade 7 Mathematics Unit 1: Patterns and Relations If we have , we want . So, we need __________________________________________________to complete a whole. L. Brenton Page | 31