A Basic Spelling and Punctuation Review

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This lesson is a review of the spelling and punctuation rules already taught in previous grades. Punctuation is the use of spacing, conventional signs, and certain typographical devices as aids to the understanding and correct reading of the written text, whether read silently or aloud.

1. A Basic Spelling &

2. Why is it important to pay
attention to spelling or
punctuation usage?
+ To write clear Standard American
English (SAE) messages.
+ To meet proofreading expectations of 06
and eommnicaion semen on college # C'
writers. 259
+ To meet your personal writing standards
or your need to write well in your (
academic, business and personal lives. a
+ To teach you to assess and evaluate your
own writing strengths or deficits.
3. General Spelling Rules
For Numbers
Spell small numbers out in sentences.
Small numbers, such as whole numbers
smaller than ten, should be spelled out.
Examples and Exceptions:
1.Ten students passed the exam.

2.Only 1000 students passed the exam.
3.One thousand students took the exam. (Spell out any
number if it starts a sentence.)
4.0f the 1000 students that took the exam, only 25
passed it with at least a grade of D and only 9 students
scored a grade of C or better on it. (Be as consistent as

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4. A Presentation to Help
Student Support
Services (SSS)
Participants Learn
Proper Punctuation
Placement and Avoid
Punctuation Pitfalls

5. Relevance &
™ Relevance: * “Some people write well, yet allow
themselves to be disabled by a fear of punctuation
and grammar. They know how to pre-write,
organize, and revise, but proofreading for
punetnaten and grammar causes them difficulties.
here's no need to fear these conventions of
standard written English. In fact, these
conventions can help you become a more effective
communicator." - Gary A. Olson
™ Purpose: This PowerPoint Presentation is to
provide you with a review of proper punctuation
*Quote retrieved at: http://lilt.ilstu.edu/golson/punctuation/intro.htm|
6. Commonly-applied Punctuation
Period (.)
*Question Mark (?)

Note: Periods,
Question Marks, and
Exclamation Points

*Exclamation Point (!)
* Apostrophe (’ )
Comma (,)
* Parentheses ()
* Brackets [ ]
* Semicolon (;)
* Colon:
*Hyphen -
* Dash --
* Quotation Marks “”

2@ =
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7. What is an end mark
An end mark is punctuation that
comes at the end of a sentence to let
you know when the sentence ends.
Punctuation supports reading by
helping readers know when the writer
has fully expressed an idea or point.
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8. at the end of statements and commands.
It is raining today.
S The period is the most famous end mark. It comes

Do not interrupt while I am talking. >
a A question mark means something is being asked.
Are you going to lunch?
An exclamation mark shows excitement or strong
That is a huge dog! [>
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9. @ The period is also used as more than just an end mark.
It is used in abbreviations, too:
l 1290 College Rd.
l E. Be White
l Ms. White
l Dr. Atchley

<< |
Sides info source: hiram appt

10. Orne Colon

Not This one...
The colon is made with two periods.
It is used for time, and it comes before a list.
Example: 11:35pm
Example: I will need the following items from the store:
bananas, grapes, watermelon, and lemons.

11. The Semi-colon
The Semi-colon is made with a period over a comma. It is
a punctuation mark (;) used to separate parts of a sentence or list and
indicating a pause longer than a comma, but shorter than a period. Ina
sentence, a transition word may follow the semi-colon.
Example: Latte is strong} however, he is no match
for the heroic energy of the sun.
2@: 5
12. --THE DASH
A dash is a punctuation mark that writers use to
denote a sudden break or shift in thought.
(One dash = Two hyphens)
Use the dash:
(1) to indicate a break or shift in thought: For example:
Example: Do we -- can we--dare we ask for more money?
(2) to introduce_a word or group of words which you wish to
oe Example: What he needed most he never got—
3) to set of f strongly distinguished parenthetical material:
Example: I think--no, Iam positive -- you should go.
4) to indicate omission of letters and words: For Example:
Senator S-- was from my hometown.

I can -- no,
| must —1
must dash
toward the
finish line.

Mark Of Separation Used Between Parts Of A Word.
1) To Separate (Join) The Parts Of Compound Words: Examples: fast-moving;
sister-in-law; half-asleep; X-ray; know-it-all; forty-seven; three-fourths
2) To Indicate The Division Of A Word Broken At The End Of A Line:
Examples: know-ledge, ste-no-gra-pher
Never divide a monosyllable: Example. strength, laughed
Do not divide a syllable with a silent vowel: Example: climbed, yelled
Do not divide a word with only 4 letters: Example: also, only, open
Divide two consonants standing between vowels: Example: struc-ture, alter-
native, exis-ten-tialism
Do not divide sums of money.
Do not divide initials in a name or in proper names.
Do not divide units of time.

14. "Quotation Marks"
1) To enclose every direct quotation and each baat of an interrupted quotation:
Example: “What will my starting salary be?” I asked the manager. “Well,”
he replied, “I'm not sure.”
2) inadialogue. Use a separate paragraph for each change of speaker. Example:
“Dad,” cried Neil.
“There, there, everything will be just fine,” his dad said.
3) to enclose words with a widely different level of usage: Example: The person
has “had it” so far is his mother.
4) to enclose chapter headings and the titles of articles:
Example: Grant wood's famed Panna) “American Gothic,” was recently
reproduced in American Gothic Journal.
USE SINGLE QUOTATION MARKS (’) to enclose a quotation within a quotation.
Example: The coach said, “when you say, ‘I'll be there on time,’ I expect
you to mean what you say.
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. .. looks like a single quotation mark, but is used for a different purpose.
1) To forma possessive. EX: Joe’s
mother’s brother
2) To indicate a contraction. EX: It’s,
which translates to It is.
3) To indicate omission of a letter from
words or a figure from numerals. EX:
Yes, ma’am.
4) To indicate the plurals of letters,
numerals, symbols, abbreviations.
EX: Only A’s, B’s and C’s are
considered passing grades at the Art

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16. The Comma

The comma is used to separate a list.
Example: My favorite animals are giraffes, dogs, cats, and birds.
It is also used between the date and the year.
Example: Today is March 6, 2007, and I plan to enjoy today.

A comma can also tell you where to pause in a sentence.
Example: All is well, but not necessarily forgotten.
1) And s to form the possessive case of a noun not ending in s:
Ex: Children’s; town’s
2) To form the possessive case of a plural noun ending in s:
Ex: Boys’ and ladies’ classrooms
3) Alone or with s to form the possessive of nouns ending is s:
Ex: Robert Burns’ or Burns’s (rule: words of one syllable)
4) and s in the last element of compound nouns:
Ex: My son-in-law’s boat; King Henry IV's funeral; somebody else’s
5) To show that letters of figures have been omitted:
Ex: Aren't; shouldn't; the civil war was fought 1861-’65.
6) And s to indicate the plurals of numerals, letters, etc. Ex: Uncrossed t’s
look like 1’s. He uses too many and’s and but’s in speaking.
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Parenthesis -- One of a pair of shallow, curved signs
(, ) used to enclose an additional inserted word or
comment and distinguish it from the sentence in
which it is found. Parentheses (plural) - [Definition from
Microsoft version of Encarta Dictionary: English (North America)]
Parentheses are round brackets: ()
Riva (Her name means “one who captivates or
possesses an “ensnaring beauty.") wandered off into
pene and was lost for three days and two
19. Bracket - (1) one of a pair of symbols, often [ ], used in
keying or printing to indicate the insertion of special
commentary, such as that made by an editor; (2) an
alternative to parentheses. Brackets (plural)
[Definition from Microsoft version of Encarta Dictionary: English (North America)|
Riva [Her name means “one who captivates or
possesses an “ensnaring beauty."] wandered off into
the forest and was lost for three days and two