Bacteria and Fungi

This is an MCQ-based quiz for GRE on the topic of Bacteria and Fungi.

This includes Bacteria and Fungi that both come under different categories. Bacteria is the prokaryotic cell while the fungi are Eukaryotic cells

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What is the significance of endospores?

They allow fungi to store nutrients that can survive extreme conditions They allow gram-negative bacteria to reproduce They are produced by gram-positive bacteria which can survive extreme conditions They allow fungi to survive in extreme climates

Which of the following microorganisms are single-celled and reproduce by binary fission?

Protozoa Helminths Bacteria Viruses Fungi

Penicillin is a drug that inhibits the formation of peptidoglycan. Based on this mechanism, which infection could be treated using penicillin?

Fungal infection Viral infection Allergic reactions Bacterial infection

Which bacterial reproductive process does not involve any genetic recombination?

Conjugation Transduction Transformation Binary fission

What is the difference between gram-negative and gram-positive bacteria?

Gram-negative bacteria contain large amounts of peptidoglycan, while gram-positive bacteria contain only trace amounts Gram-negative bacteria belong exclusively to the domain archaea Gram-positive bacteria contain large amounts of peptidoglycan, while gram-negative bacteria contain only trace amounts Gram-positive bacteria belong exclusively to the domain archaea

An antifungal cream advertises to chemically attack the fungal cells without harming the skin. The antifungal chemical most likely acts on which of the following?

Mitochondria Chitin The nucleus There is not enough information provided Eukaryotic membranes

What characteristic do both all plants and fungi have in common?

Both consist of eukaryotic cells They have nothing in common Both use photosynthesis for energy production Both use spores to propagate Both use chitin primarily in their cell walls

Which of the following compounds is incorporated into the fungal cell wall?

Phospholipids Cellulose Chitin Peptidoglycan

A fungus that always reproduces asexually is most likely classified as __________.

Zygomycetes Microsporidia Basidomycetes Asomycetes Deuteromycetes

Fungal hyphae form a mesh of tissue that infiltrates food sources and absorbs nutrients. This tissue structure is called __________.

None of these Zygospores Mycelium Fungal roots Gametangia
Quiz/Test Summary
Title: Bacteria and Fungi
Questions: 10
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