Poetic Elements: Imagery, Metaphors and Similes

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Short descriptions and examples of the most used poetic elements - imagery, metaphors, and similes.
1. Imagery, Similes, and Metaphors: Rich Language, Rich Experience
Imagery Jump-Start
• Think of a book / movie / TV show (the one you’re reading, or a favorite… it doesn’t matter.)
• Choose 3 characters.
• On paper, create metaphors, using a grid like the one below, for each based on their personalities
• See example below as a model
Harry Ron Hermione
Color Purple Red Green
Plant Rose Cholla Fern
Animal Lion Hyena Owl
Season Winter Summer Fall
Connect to Lesson
What emotions come to mind when you see these images:
Color Purple
Plant Rose
Animal Lion
Season Winter
I think of regality, hope, bravery, sentimentality. Does this describe Harry Potter?
Language that describes something in detail, using words to substitute for and create sensory stimulation–
A pattern of descriptions, repeated in a text
To “place” the reader “there”
To evoke emotions
o But, we all bring our own background– do we all feel the same emotions?
o Some say, Yes. They are the emotions the author intended us to feel.
o Some say, No. We are all different.
o “bare of leaves, outlined against the sky”
o “a fork of black lightening, frozen into permanence against the white clouds”
o “a posture like a question mark”
Metaphors and Similes—Definitions
Metaphor: a direct relationship where one thing or idea substitutes for another
Simile: an implied relationship where one thing or idea substitutes for another (it is like something; implied)