Understanding plagiarism and why writers must overcome it. Plagiarism is presenting someone else's work or ideas as your own, with or without their consent, by incorporating it into your work without full acknowledgment.
1. by: Mrs. Norland
2. PLAGIARISM PLAGIARISM Does it sounds like a disease? Is it a disease carried and spread by rats, that killed many people in Europe? No, that would be The Black Plague of the mid 1400's .
3. "Plagiarism occurs when a writer deliberately uses someone else's language, ideas or other original material without acknowledging its source." (Quinn 2009.) In other words, plagiarism is copying someone else's writing, or taking their ideas, and calling them your own, without giving them credit.
4. SO WHAT? WHY IS PLAGIARISM WRONG? Plagiarism isn't ethical (meaning it isn't right for you to Plagiarism is do.) It's the same against the law. thing as cheating: taking someone's (If you break the answers for your law, you pay fines own, without giving and even worse.) them credit! At school, you would Plagiarism violates get an F for turning Copyright and in a report that was http://www.the-piedpiper.co.uk/th1b.htm Fair Use policies. copied, or for cheating on an assignment. There might also be worse consequences.
5. HOW WILL TEACHERS KNOW I PLAGIARIZED? Teachers do know you have plagiarized, when Teachers have ways what you have written of checking reports does not sound like and papers for your natural writer's plagiarism. They can voice. immediately find out the source you copied from, even if it's only Sometimes the teacher parts of it. may ask you what a word or phrase means www.plagiarism.com that you used in your www.turnitin.com writing, and you won't http://www.the-piedpiper.co.uk/th1b.htm be able to explain, These are just two because you copied it websites that help from someone else’s teachers find out if writing! you've been copying.
6. Think of a time when a student might be a “COPY RAT.” Turn to your neighbor and come up with 3 or 4 examples… I copied answers from my friend. I cut and pasted I copied from from the Internet an article for for my project. my report. I copied the teacher’s notes from the board !
7. OH RATS ! It seems like the easy way out is to copy someone's answers or thoughts, especially when you've put off the assignment until the last minute, and you're in a panic to get it done. It's like a rat being tempted by that piece of cheese setting in the trap, just within reach, and not having to work for it. But guess what? It's not your piece of cheese to take as http://images.jupiterimages.com/common/detail/29/40/22564029.jpg your own!
8. OKAY, I DON'T WANT TO BE A COPY RAT! Now that you know more about plagiarism, you probably have decided it isn't the right choice to make. What you want to learn more about is PARAPHRASING which is the exact opposite of Plagiarism, and it's a valuable skill to have!
9. PARAPHRASE, DON'T PLAGIARIZE Putting information you read and learn, into your own words, with your own ideas and writer's voice. It is hard work to paraphrase. Just like a sport, it takes practice. You will learn a lot about paraphrasing in all of your classes, and you will get a lot of practice. But once you master the skill, you will feel good about yourself and your accomplishments.
10. HOW DO I PARAPHRASE? • Try taking notes by hand, • Don't just use one source on note cards or paper. for your information. Look Don't write down phrases or up and read from several sentences word for word. reference books, articles, or Look for basic information websites. and a few facts to jot down. This will help you understand • Never cut and paste from what you just read. the computer. Shuffling words around, or • Don't copy down words that replacing a word here and you aren't familiar with and there, is not the same thing would not come naturally in as paraphrasing. your writing."If you don’t understand it, don't include it in your notes."
11. AND FINALLY…. • Get the original material out of sight. Close down the computer; shut the reference book. You're on your own now with your notes and brain. • Using your notes, explain aloud the information. you have gathered to an adult, teacher or friend. Do you understand it? Is the information clear? Do you need to go back and do more research? • When your notes and information finally sound right, write down what you have said. It’s your ideas that count! Mauro, Terri. "How to Teach Your Child to Paraphrase, Not Plagiarize." 2008.
12. USING OTHERS' IDEAS: You can still use other writers' words and ideas if you learn the proper way to "cite" or give that person the credit: • If you want to copy a sentence or two in the writer's exact words, be sure you put quotations marks around the sentences, then cite the author and year. • If you use pieces of someone's writing, or some of their ideas, and even parapharase them, you STILL need to acknowledge the writer or source. • Even photos that you copy from the Internet should give credit to the source, by including the website. "The key point is you need to give credit, where the credit is due. Name the author, the name of article or book, and tell when it was written.” Schwartau, Winn. Internet and Computer Ethics for Kids. 2001.
13. ON MY OWN The quicker you learn to rely on your own brain, and your own writing skills, the better you will be. DON’T BE A COPY RAT !
14. Mauro, Terri. "How to Teach Your Child to Paraphrase, Not Plagiarize." 21 Jun 2008 od/writinghelp/ht/paraphrasing.htm> Schwartau, Winn.,Internet and Computer Ethics for Kids. Winn CLICK Schwartau and Interpact, Inc., 2001. ON ME! Quinn, Michael J., Ethics for the Information Age.3rd ed. Seattle University: Pearson Education, Inc., 2009. www.osgathorpe.org.uk/ Pictures/Rat%20cartoon.jpg http://www.the-piedpiper.co.uk/th1b.htm