Reading Comprehension - Passage: 'Amazing Animals - A Dogs and Cats Tale'

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Did you see the word "tale" in the title and think this was a dog story? Well, sort of, but not exactly. This is actually a lesson about "tails"... dog tails and cattails.
1. Amazing Animals
A Dog and Cats Tale

2. Amazing Animals: A Dog and Cats Tale
Did you see the word “tale” in the title and
think this was a dog story? Well, sort of, but
not exactly. This is a lesson about “tails”
tails and cat tails.
Our furry friend’s tails are truly amazing.
They use their tails to communicate to us
what they ave feeling. By understanding their
tails and these emotions we will know a lot
about them!

Ready, set, let’s learn...
3. a C—O e a
Amazing Animals: A Dog and Cats Tale
Here is what we will share with you in this “tail” of a lesson!
Why do they WOM AL ea Cae cUed Fun facts and
LCL a mt cee 5
bir aa CC nati Who doesn’t? used? aaa as

4. O-. ree e What is a Tail?

You know what a tail is, right?
It is that long, thin, and mostly
furry thing that follows our dogs
and cats and is always on the move.
It’s an extension of the spine and
made of bones, muscles, tendons,
and nerves. More muscles, which
are found in the rump, allow the
tail to more in different ways. The
nevves make our friends tails
t mS sensitive to the touch

Like any body part of a dog and cat, the tail is important,
and it helps our friends in several ways.

6. a __ Why do Dogs and
v ~' Cats Have Tails?
1. As we just said, dogs and cats
use their tails to communicate
how they feel.

2. When in the water, a dog's tail
acts like a boat's rudder for
control and balance.
3. Cats use their tails for balance
too, but certainly not in the
4. Cats also have glands in the tail
S from which they can spray a
scent, or smell.
7. Tails Help Dogs and Cats in Several Ways

Dogs ave great swimmers. We said cats use their A cat uses glands in
Look at that tail go! tails for balance, the tail to mark their
right? Look at this tervitory. They leave
cat walking carefully this scent to tell other
on top of this fence. cats, “stay away,” this
’ avea is mings

8. Are There Dogs and Cats Without Tails?
Yes. You might see several breeds (kinds) of dogs and cats without a tail. It’s just
a stub. There ave 2 reasons for this. First, it is a natural mutation (change)...
just like different eye colors in the same family. They ave called a Natural Bobtail.
The second reason, and this applies only to dogs, is docking (removal). It is
common in certain breeds. The tail of hunting and herding dogs might also be
removed to prevent injury or infection. Docking is also common on some breeds
and dogs that are models. Many people and veterinarians oppose Docking.

Just like some are a Natural Bobtail, Pictured above ave 2 cats with a Natural
there are also dogs and cats that Bobtail and 2 dogs who have their tails
ave hairless! Docked.

How are Dog and Cat Tails Used?
Remember us saying dogs and cats use their tails to communicate? This is most
definitely true as you have likely seen, vight? Happy, mad, curious, and scared
are just a few of the emotions dogs and cats tell us by wagging their tail.
Just like you might expect, dogs and cats ave very different. So it makes sense
they may have different languages, and they do. Let's look at tail-talk among
dogs and cats.

11. What are Cat’s Telli
Cats use their tail to tell us when they feel:
Scared and really scared!
Happy, content, friendla

Relaxed, trusting

Curious or interested

Worried or concerned

What are Dog’s Telling us?
Dogs use their tail to tell us when they feel:

+ Alert, watchful + Relaxed, happy, ready to play
+ Exploving/interested * Ready to fight, waming

eet ee
+ Concerned, unsure

Anxious, afraid

Those ave a lot of different wags to learn. Heve ave a few movements to watch for:
+ The faster and wider the tail sweeps
the more excited and happier they are
+ Slow and short movements mean they
are less excited or less interested
+ Straight-up means they are happy
and ready to play. The could ea
they are anxious too so look at the
face for signs of this
+ Lying down often shows they want to
be left alone
+ A tucked tail means fear or anxiety
+ Straight -up tails show happiness,
friendliness, and even love
+ The more the tail sweeps back and
forth the more annoyed or angry the
cat is
+ A tail that’s tucked shows they are
+ Super fluffy tails show fear
+ Super fluffy tails and an outstretched
back ave a sign of anger
+ Twitching tails show they like you


15. ————— OOO
Fun Facts and Pictures!

Wet nose helps their sense of smell,
which is 100,000 times more
sensitive than humans
Noses have ridged patterns, like
human fingerprints
Ears have 18 muscles to help them
locate sound... much faster than us
Sweat through their paws and release
heat with the tongue, not their skin
Have 3 eyelids
“Tails do not like the cold:
Easily get stomach aches from milk!
Hearts beat twice as fast as humans
Can spend 16-20 hours a day sleeping
and about 2 hours grooming
Don’t meow at other cats!
Turn can their ears backwards
Hear 5 times better than a human
Usually have no eyelashes
Show affection by buttin.

If you and | had a tail we a oS
The average dog pa ee aeclanel bees ee aes
and cat tail has 20 away. We could also use similarities among dogs
bones in them. our tail to wave like a and cats... and maybe
+ hand-fan to keep our bodies even more diffecemees


Amazing Dogs
and Cats!


Dogs and Cats!

20. Dog and cat tails sure ave amazing, aren't they?
Good luck learning what your pet has to say to you!
& Go ahead and complete the activity worksheet for this lesson.
The End!