Here we will talk about:
Types of professional development,
The need of it and,
A professional is a member of a profession or any person who
earns their living from a specific professional activity.
Development is a process that creates growth, progress,
positive change or the addition of physical, economic,
environmental, social and demographic components.
Professional development is process of improving and
increasing capabilities of staff through access to education and
training opportunities in the workplace, through outside
organisation, or through watching others perform the job.
Organized professional development
Professional development meeting
Providing readable literature
Lectures by subject expert
Demonstration it and computer literacy
Institutional subscription of research journals and
Self-motivated professional development
individual subscription of research journals and
meeting subject expert
A teacher’s personal qualities, educational qualification, his
professional training, high managerial skills and the place he
occupies in the college and in the community contributes to
the quality of his teaching. The education of a teacher is not
complete on receiving a degree or diploma from a college or
Professional development transforms teachers into better and
more apt educators by enabling them to create relevant and
Professional development is a requirement for all teachers. It
is some form of education for teachers that can enhance or
better their teaching or classroom environment.
New Education Policy (1986) recommended Academic Staff
College at national level for the training of in-service teachers
of higher education.
At present 66 academic staff colleges that have now been
replaced to UGC- Human Resource Development Centres.
The Mudaliar Commission (1952) Report Stated, “We are
convicted that the most important factor in the
contemplated educational reconstruction is the teacher,
his personal qualities, his educational qualifications, his
personal training and the place he occupies in the
National Education Commission (1964-66) - The
commission recommended that the orientation course
should be organised for the new staff in every university.
1. To organise specially designed orientation
programme for all new entrants.
2. To organise refresher courses for all the teachers at
least once in five years.
3. To organise orientation programme for the
4. To encourage teachers to participate in workshop,
seminars, conference and symposia etc.
Psychological barriers a person who has psychologically
unable to develop his potential is called psychological barrier.
Teacher lacking positive attitudes.
Teachers lacking motivation.
Teachers lacking interest.
Teacher lacking confidence.
Teachers having stress.
Teachers having frustration.
Teacher lacking awareness.
Inability to learn new technology.
Administrative barriers a person who has potential to acquire
professional development but problems with implementing is
called administrative barrier.
Lack of physical and financial facilities.
Inadequate time and funding.
Material barriers a person who have with utilizing personal
development is called materials barriers.
Role of NCERT, SCERT CTEs and NCTE for Professional
Development of Teacher Educators
Sl no. Programmes and Activities Nodal Agency Modalities
1 Orientation programme of NCERT and other Face to face mode: 5 days
resource person at National level National level programme
2 Professional development of NCERT Face to Face: 10 days training on
master trainers content and pedagogy enrichment.
3 Continuous professional SCERT/CTEs Face to Face mode: 10days
development of teachers training for secondary teachers
4 Professional degree foe untrained NCTE B.Ed, M.Ed, Integrated teacher
teachers training programme
1. Teacher experience effective professional development
2. The professional development increases teacher’s
knowledge and skills and/ or change their attitude and
3. Teachers use their new knowledge and skills, attitudes,
and beliefs to improve the content of their instruction or
their approach to pedagogy, or both.
4. The instructional change foster increased student
To the government
The education department should encourage the staff to
acquire higher degree. It will help to enhance the
profession perception of the teachers.
Arranging periodical professional development programs,
refresher courses and pooling the staff with subject wise
experts for the seminars and workshops with help them to
acquire the new skills and new technique to be adopted.
Establishing university resource centre to cater the school
for psychological and professional counseling.
Financial assistance may be given to the undertake action
research and projects related to teaching learning process.
To the institutions
Adopting suitable screening test during the staff selection.
Language improvement programme to be arranged.
The private schools management to direct the or to
encourage the to participate workshop, seminars and
similar professional development programs organized by
the education department.
Teacher should undertake action researches and projects.
Organizing institutional level and group of institutions
with senior faculty sharing their experiences will help to
improve their profession perception.
To the teachers
The themselves to show special interest on acquiring higher
Attending periodical professional development programs,
refresher courses, meeting the subject experts, seminar and
workshops will help to acquire the new skills and new
technique to adopt.
Teacher should properly utilize the resources available in
Educational resource centers, Block Resource Centre and
other Educational Institutions
Teachers also should realize that teaching is not like other
profession but it is a Nobel profession hence they should be
committed, dedicated and willing to know the new things in
order to deliver their duty properly.
Education is a lifelong process and no formal training in an
institution can fully prepare a person for professional service.
The continuous learning is imperative as teachers knowledge
lags behind due to continuous expansion of knowledge in the
field of teacher education on a regular basis.
A success teacher must be the central focus of continuous
professional development because it is upon them that the
pressure and support for change must be applied.