# How To Teach Math To Young Children

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This is designed to let young students study numeracy effectively. It focuses on how the concepts are designed to make students get into numbers and vocabulary faster.
1. TEACHING MATH TO
YOUNG CHILDREN
2. TRY TO MEMORIZE THESE
SYMBOLS
Top to bottom, left to right: 1, 7, 12, 3, 6, 4, 5, 10, 8, 9, 11, 2
3. NOW TEST YOURSELF:
4. •This is a taste of what a child
has to accomplish when learning
5. MOST IMPORTANTLY –
HAVE A POSITIVE ATTITUDE ABOUT LEARNING MATH!
6. TEACHING MATH
• MATH CONCEPTS SHOULD BE
CONCRETE & MANIPULATIVE
• CONSIDER PRIOR KNOWLEDGE
• CONSIDER CHILDREN’S INTERESTS
• HELP CHILDREN WITH NEW
VOCABULARY
• SOCIAL INTERACTION IS IMPORTANT
7. CONCEPT: What are numbers?
• Rote counting
• Identify symbols
• Count objects
• Tell how many
• Telling which one
8. CONCEPT: Counting
• 1st, 2nd, 3rd then have them reverse it
• Big, bigger, biggest
9. CONCEPT: Measure up
• Measurement comparisons
• Measuring units: inch, pound, quart
10. CONCEPT: Getting around
• Spatial relations
• Maps
11. CONCEPT: Patterning
• Repeat & growing patterns
• Logical reasoning
• Eliminate ones that are different
12. CONCEPT: Seriating
• Size relationships
• From tall to short
13. CONCEPT: Classification
• Sort boys/girls
• Sort children by hair color
• Sort different types of animals
14. CONCEPT: Sequencing
• Sequence the order of pictures in a story
15. CONCEPT: Symmetry
• Fold and color lines of symmetry
• Use mirror to draw
16. CONCEPT: Shapes
The shape of things
• 2 & 3 dimension
• Shape identification
17. SHAPES cont’d
• Spheres, cubes, rectangular, prisms,
cylinder (use correct names)
• Pictures of shapes need name written
on it (language development)
• Play game & move # of spaces of the #
of sides (circle=0)
18. CONCEPT: Money
Activity: Read “Smart” by Shel Silverstein
• Children can start to identify coins
• Playing store helps children gain a
sense of the cost of things
“Just write a check, Mom”
19. CONCEPT: Time
• Children can start to read a clock
• Time concepts must relate to their world
– The length of their favorite TV show
Have a digital clock next to a face clock
20. CONCEPT: Statistics &
Probability
• Graph types of bugs found, growth of
plants, etc.
• Predict how many flowers will bloom from
seeds planted.
COMPUTERS
• Children should be allowed to explore
calculators.
• But solving the problem should be the
focus.
• Computers enhance learning if child is
required to interact and think logically.
22. GUIDELINES
• Oral language is important in
development of math skills.
• Children can have long attention spans.
• Few strong divides between 4 & 5 year
olds.
• Repetition is important.
• Mistakes are good & a natural part of
learning process.
• Simple activities can be complex.
23. MATHEMATICAL
CLASSROOM MATERIALS:
• Felt & magnetic numbers & shapes
• Peg boards
• Calendars
• Ruler, measuring tapes, measuring cups, scales
• Play money & cash registers
• Timers, clocks, Thermometers
• Counting rods
• Light & heavy objects
• Buttons, keys, spools
• Puzzles
24.