Cultural Diversity of Native Americans and it's Fundamentals

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This book depicts cultural diversity or multiculturalism and also it's fundamental that highlights the role of culture in a substantial contribution to American history.
1. Always click on the bow and
arrow to get to the next slide
2. Cultural diversity, or multiculturalism, is based
on the idea that cultural identities should not
be discarded or ignored, but rather maintained
and valued. The foundation of this belief is
that every culture and race has made a
substantial contribution to American history.
3. The people who were the first to live in
America are called First Americans.
They are also called Native Americans or
American Indians.
4. First Americans lived in many places in the
United States. These places are called
5. Three regions that we will study are
the Eastern Woodland, Plains, and
the Southwest.
6. To meet their basic life needs, First
Americans were very wise. They used
the natural resources of their region.
These are examples of natural
Trees and plants Animals Land and water
Can you be as wise as
a First American?
7. Test your thinking skills.
To become a wise chief, you must earn 3
Answer each question
carefully and correctly.
Are you ready?
8. The
Native Americans
of the
Eastern Woodlands
9. 1. The Eastern Woodland Indians lived in
forests, near rivers and streams.
What would they use to build their houses?
Seashells Trees
10. Please try again!
11. Their houses were made of wood
and tree bark.
12. 2. Sometimes, many people lived in a
house, so it had to be big.
What is the name of this kind of house?
long house large house
13. As many as six families lived in a long
house. It could be 200 feet long!
14. Please try again!
15. 3. To get their food from the rivers and
streams, the Eastern Woodland Indians
fished swam
16. The Eastern Woodland Indians were
very good fishermen.
17. Please try again!
18. 4. The forests had many animals
that were food for the Eastern
Woodland Indians.
Someone who captures animals for
food is called a
horseman hunter
19. Please try again!
20. They hunted many animals,
including bear, deer and rabbits.
21. 5. The Eastern Woodland Indians ate
vegetables with their meat and fish.
Someone who grows vegetables is called a
farmer forester
22. The Eastern Woodland Indians grew many
vegetables, especially the “3 Sisters”—
corn, beans, and squash
23. Please try again!
24. 6. You’ve learned that the Eastern
Woodland Indians lived near rivers
and streams. To get from place to
place, they probably
paddled canoes and drove cars
paddled canoes and walked
25. Please try again!
26. Please try again!
27. They made canoes from
tree trunks.
28. You have answered all the questions about the
Eastern Woodland Indians correctly!
You have earned your first feather!
Click to continue
29. Cherokee Iroquois
(Carolinas, Alabama, (What is now New York
Virginia, Kentucky, State and across the border
Tennessee, Georgia) of Canada)
Language Tsalagi Tsalagi
Beliefs Spirits and performed They believed in a great
ceremonies to ask spirits to spirit who was the leader of
help them in battle, health, all things.
and hunting.
Stick ball games (Anejodi)
Customs similar to lacrosse; traveled Travel by foot or by boat;
by horses Stick ball games
Painted baskets, decorated
Art pots, wood carvings, carved Mask carving, beadwork,
pipes, and bead work porcupine quill work
Oral telling of traditions, Wampun belts and the
Literature and tribal stories by the pictures would tell a story
campfire about the family.
30. The
Native Americans
of the
Plains Region
31. 1. The Plains are flat, grassy areas.
First Americans who lived in the
Plains region moved often to follow
buffalo deer
32. Please try again!
33. The buffalo, also called bison, has a
very large head. It eats grass and
drinks water. An adult buffalo can
weigh as much as 2,000 pounds!
34. 2. The Indians lived in homes that
could be moved quickly.
These homes were called
tents teepees
35. Please try again!
36. Women usually put up the teepee. It was made
with buffalo hides and decorated with paint.
37. 3. The Plains Indians hunted the buffalo for
food and clothing. To capture the buffalo, the
Plains Indians had to know how to
ride a horse paddle a canoe
38. The Plains Indians were very good horsemen. They
killed only enough buffalo that they needed for
food. They did not waste any part of the animal.
39. Please try again!
40. 4. There were many tribes that lived on the
Plains. To protect themselves from other tribes,
the men learned how to fight with bows and
arrows. These men were called
Warriors Wrestlers
41. The more feathers a warriors wore,
the greater a warrior he was.
Sometimes, a great warrior was given
a buffalo helmet to wear, also.
42. Please try again!
43. 5. The Plains Indians did not
settle in one place for a long time.
Tribes that move are called
nomadic settled
44. The Plains Indians carried their belongings
on a travois (say “trah-voy”). It was made
of 2 teepee poles attached to the harness
of a horse or dog.
It looked like this.
45. Please try again!
46. You have answered all the questions about the
Plains Indians correctly!
You have earned your second feather! You
are on your way to becoming a wise chief.
Click to continue
47. Sioux
(Wisconsin, Minnesota, Montana, North and South
Dakota, Whole Midwest)
Language Lakota/Dakota
Beliefs There was a great spirit who was the most
powerful of all things and beings. Plants had
spirits of their own. Medicine Man who was
the leader of the ceremonies.
Customs Traveled by canoes and dogsleds
Art Bead work, quill work, and buffalo hide
Literature Oral tells around the campfire
48. The
Native Americans
of the
49. 1. The Southwest Indians lived in the dry, hot
region of North America. There weren’t many
forests. They built their homes of
Wood Mud and straw
50. Please try again!
51. This mixture of mud and straw is called adobe.
The Indians made the walls of their homes very
thick. This would keep the houses cool.
52. 2. The Southwest Native Americans built
their homes with two or three stories or
levels. To get to each level, they would use
Stairs Ladders
53. Please try again!
54. The ladders could easily be pulled up
and stored inside each room.
55. 3. Even though there wasn’t much rain, the
Southwest Indians learned to irrigate their land.
Irrigate means to
Scratch with a shovel
Bring water to crops
56. Please try again!
57. The Southwest Indians made
trenches that brought water from
rivers and streams for their crops.
58. 4. The Indians of the Southwest
were farmers. Corn was an
important crop.
The Indian name for corn is
Mustard Maize
59. Please try again!
60. Did you know that there are more
than 500 ways to use corn?
61. 5. The Southwest Native
Americans also raised sheep. The
wool from the sheep was used for
Weaving clothing and rugs
Making houses
62. They dyed the wool using berries
and plants.
63. Please try again!
64. Excellent, my friend! You have
earned your third feather.
Your wise answers have made you a
Click to begin again
65. Pueblo
(Mexico, Texas, Arizona, Nevada)
Language Pueblo
Beliefs Kiva was a underground room where rituals and
ceremonies would take place; Kachina dolls
(represented the spirits)
Customs Cradleboard carrying (like a baby carrier you
see today); Traveled by foot
Pottery (We still collect this today), Navajos
Art Jewelry (Turquoise), colorful weavings, and
stone carvings
Literature Oral tells by the campfire