# Year 2 Addition and Subtraction

Contributed by:
1. Year 2 Maths
Subtraction Workbook
+ -
2. Home Learning Year 2 Maths Workbook Pack
Year 2 Programme of Study – Addition and Subtraction
Page
Statutory Requirements Worksheet Notes
Number
Solve problems with addition and • Hops to and from 10 1-2
subtraction using concrete objects
• Addition to 20 on a number line
and pictorial representations, including 3-5
those involving numbers, quantities • Subtraction within 20 on a
6-8
and measures. number line
subtraction. • Monsters colour by number addition
9
Applying their increasing knowledge of and subtraction up to 20
mental and written methods.
Recall and use addition and subtraction • Addition and Subtraction facts to 20 10
facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use
related facts up to 100. • Deriving Facts to 100 11
Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:
A two-digit number and ones. 12 - 15
numbers and ones crossing 10
numbers and tens not crossing 100
A two-digit number and tens. 16 - 19
crossing 100 – including carrying
• Adding two 2-digit numbers 20 - 22
beyond 100
• Subtracting tens and ones from 23 - 24
Two two-digit numbers.
2-digit numbers not crossing 100
• Subtracting tens and ones from 2- 25 - 26
digit numbers crossing 100
• Adding three one-digit numbers 27
using number facts to 10
• Adding three one-digit numbers - 28
Which 3 numbers?
Show that addition of two numbers can
be done in any order (commutative) • Addition can be done in any order -
29 - 30
and subtraction of one number from subtraction can't!
another cannot.
Recognise and use the inverse
relationship between addition and • Number family worksheets
31 - 34
subtraction and use this to check • Using Inverse Operations to check –
calculations and solve missing 35 - 36
Two Digits Plus One Digit
number problems.
3. 3 Hops to 10 +5
+4
+1
Example
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
4 + 5 + 1 = 10
Peter Rabbit says he can get back to his run in 3 hops! Find different ways
that Peter can do this and draw them on the number lines. Can you write
number sentences to match his hops?
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
How many other ways can you find? Can you find them all?
Page 1 of 32
4. Hops down from 10 -5
-4
-1
Example
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
10 - 1 - 5 - 4 = 0
Peter Rabbit wants to hop away from the wolf in 3 hops. Find different ways
that Peter Rabbit can do this and draw them on the number line. Can you
describe how hopping up and hopping down from 10 are related?
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
How many other ways can you find? Can you find them all?
Page 2 of 32
5. Addition to 20 on a Number Line
4+1= 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
5+3= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
8+3= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
6+6= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
4+5= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
4+7= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
7+6= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
8+4= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
9+6= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
3+9= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
2 + 10 = 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Page 3 of 32
6. Addition to 20 on a Number Line - Sheet 2
For these questions, can you work out which sums are being shown on the
number lines? The first one has been done for you.
1. 5 + 7 = 12
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
2. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
3. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
4. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
5. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
6. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
7. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
8. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
9. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
10. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
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7. Addition to 20 on a Number Line - Sheet 3
Practise what you have learnt so far on a number line to 20 and progress
to see if you can draw your own number line!
1. 11 + 4 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
2. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
3. 8 + 9 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
4. 6 + = 9
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
5. + =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
6. + 7 = 11
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
7. 9 + 9 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
8. 12 + 3 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
9. 7 + 9 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
10. 13 + 5 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Page 5 of 32
8. Subtraction within 20 on a Number Line
11 - 5= 6 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
10 - 7= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
8- 4= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
9 - 5= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
13 - 2 = 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
7-4= 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
19 - 8 = 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
20 - 1 = 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
14 - 3 = 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
16 - 3 = 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
12 - 6 = 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Page 6 of 32
9. Subtraction within 20 on a Number Line - Sheet 2
Practise what you have learnt so far on a number line to 20 and progress to
see if you can draw your own number line!
16 - 8 = 8
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
- =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
Page 7 of 32
10. Subtraction within 20 on a Number Line - Sheet 3
Practise what you have learnt so far on a number line to 20 and progress to
see if you can draw your own number line!
8-3 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
10 - 4 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
11- 9 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
20 - 15 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
12 - 7 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
14 - 2 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
16 - 1 =
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
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11. Monsters Colour by Number Addition and Subtraction up to 20
Solve the calculations in the picture to work out what colours they should be!
Page 9 of 32
12. Addition and Subtraction Facts to 20 – Speed Test
See how long it takes you to complete all of these or give
yourself a set amount of time (say 5 mins) and see how
many you can do.
6+6= 8-6= 9-3= 13 - 4 = 4-1=
14 + 5 = 2 + 17 = 7-4= 4+9= 4-2=
9-7= 3+9= 15 - 1 = 20 - 10 = 10 - 5 =
2 + 11 = 3+1= 14 - 7 = 17 + 2 = 2+3=
2 + 15 = 3-2= 9+3= 6+4= 15 - 6 =
7-3= 11 + 5 = 8-5= 7+8= 4+6=
10 + 10 = 18 - 4 = 3+4= 20 - 19 = 4+9=
8-2= 10 + 0 = 8+8= 14 + 2 = 7-2=
11 + 1 = 13 - 5 = 17 - 2 = 9-4= 19 + 1 =
14 - 1 = 12 - 9 = 3+7= 5+5= 15 - 9 =
Page 10 of 32
13. Deriving Facts to 100
For each of the following, complete the number fact to 10 and then
derive the number fact to 100. The first one has been done for you.
7+2=9 7-4=
70 + 20 = 90 70 - 40 = 100
4+6= 3+6=
10
40 + 60 = 30 + 60 =
5-3= 8-3=
50 - 30 = 80 - 30 =
10 - 7 = 9+1=
100 - 70 = 90 + 10 =
5+4= 3-2=
50 + 40 = 30 - 20 =
9-8= 10 - 5 =
90 - 80 = 100 - 50 =
Use the appropriate number fact to ten mentally to derive
the number fact to 100.
50 + 50 = 40 + 30 =
60 - 40 = 80 – 30 =
10 + 80 = 20 + 60 =
90 – 60 = 50 – 40 =
20 + 80 = 80 – 70 =
40 + 40 = 70 – 20 =
Page 11 of 32
14. Adding 2-Digit Numbers and Ones Crossing 10
Page 12 of 32
15. Adding 2-Digit Numbers and Ones Crossing 10
7+4= 8+6=
17 + 4 = 18 + 6 =
47 + 4 = 28 + 6 =
67 + 4 = 68 + 6 =
6+8= 7+6=
16 + 8 = 17 + 6 =
56 + 8 = 47 + 6 =
86 + 8 = 67 + 6 =
12 + 2 = 9+7=
22 + 2 = 19 + 7 =
62 + 2 = 39 + 7 =
92 + 2 = 99 + 7 =
11 + 3 = 4+8=
19 + 3 = 14 + 8 =
59 + 3 = 44 + 8 =
99 + 3 = 64 + 8 =
9+8= 5+8=
19 + 8 = 15 + 8 =
49 + 8 = 65 + 8 =
79 + 8 = 85 + 8 =
Page 13 of 32
16. Subtracting Numbers and Ones from 2-Digit Numbers, Crossing 10
7-4= 8–1=
17 – 4 = 18 – 1 =
27 – 4 = 28 – 1 =
37 – 4 = 38 – 1 =
8–3= 9-2=
18 – 3 = 19 – 2 =
48 – 3 = 49 – 2 =
58 – 3 = 69 – 2 =
12 – 5 = 18 – 5 =
22 – 5 = 28 – 5 =
32 – 5 =
38 – 5 =
72 – 5 =
98 – 5 =
20 – 5 = 13 – 7 =
40 – 5 = 23 – 7 =
70 – 5 = 43 – 7 =
80 - 5 = 73 – 7 =
16 – 3 = 12 – 3 =
26 – 3 = 22 – 3 =
56 – 3 = 72 – 3 =
76 – 3 = 82 – 3 =
Page 14 of 32
17. Subtracting Numbers and Ones from 2-Digit Numbers, Crossing 10
15 - 6 = 21 – 4 =
25 – 6 = 31 – 4 =
45 – 6 = 41 – 4 =
95 – 6 = 61 – 4 =
11 – 7 = 12 - 5 =
21 – 7 = 22 – 5 =
51 – 7 = 62 – 5 =
91 – 7 = 82 – 5 =
18 – 9 =
12 – 6 =
28 – 9 =
22 – 6 =
38 – 9 =
42 – 6 =
78 – 9 =
62 – 6 =
20 – 7 = 13 – 8 =
30 – 7 = 23 – 8 =
40 – 7 = 33 – 8 =
80 - 7 = 53 – 8 =
16 – 9 = 12 – 7 =
26 – 9 = 32 – 7 =
46 – 9 = 52 – 7 =
86 – 9 = 72 – 7 =
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18. Adding 2-Digit Numbers and Tens, Not Crossing 100
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19. Adding 2-Digit Numbers and Tens, Not Crossing 100
1) 30 2) 20 3) 53 4) 30
+ 54 + 78 + 40 + 45

5) 16 6) 23 7) 12 8) 55
+ 40 + 30 + 70 + 20

9) 13 10) 56 11) 10 12) 80
+ 10 + 10 + 18 + 18

13) 50 14) 90 15) 70 16) 16
+ 32 + 5 + 15 + 20

17) 27 18) 35 19) 24 20) 12
+ 50 + 30 + 10 + 60

21) 14 22) 24 23) 40 24) 42
+ 70 + 20 + 24 + 30

Page 17 of 32
20. Adding 2-Digit Numbers Not Crossing 100 –
Including Carrying
1) 35 2) 19 3) 73 4) 55
+ 18 + 46 + 19 + 27

5) 38 6) 46 7) 55 8) 72
+ 59 + 28 + 26 + 19

9) 47 10) 29 11) 37 12) 48
+ 29 + 19 + 36 + 18

13) 42 14) 68 15) 53 16) 76
+ 39 + 24 + 38 + 19

17) 17 18) 29 19) 17 20) 27
+ 64 + 56 + 25 + 59

21) 72 22) 56 23) 49 24) 77
+ 18 + 17 + 49 + 18

Page 18 of 32
21. Subtracting Tens from 2-Digit Numbers, Not Crossing 100
20 – 10 = 21 – 20 =
30 – 10 = 41 – 20 =
60 – 10 = 51 – 20 =
70 – 10 = 71 – 20 =
37 – 10 = 39 - 30 =
57 – 10 = 59 - 30 =
87 – 10 = 79 - 30 =
97 – 10 = 89 - 30 =
62 – 60 =
43 – 40 =
72 – 60 =
53 – 40 =
82 – 60 =
73 – 40 =
92 – 60 =
93 – 40 =
25 – 20 = 59 – 50 =
35 – 20 = 69 – 50 =
45 – 20 = 79 – 50 =
85 – 20 = 99 – 50 =
– 10 = 7 – 40 = 11
– 10 = 27 – 40 = 21
– 10 = 37 – 40 = 31
– 10 = 77 – 40 = 51
Page 19 of 32
22. Subtracting Tens and Ones from 2-Digit
Numbers, Not Crossing 100
1) 50 2) 80 3) 70 4) 94
- 25 - 42 - 36 - 50

5) 60 6) 40 7) 59 8) 90
- 31 - 31 - 40 - 81

9) 50 10) 85 11) 72 12) 46
- 27 - 60 - 50 - 20

13) 60 14) 91 15) 40 16) 59
- 28 - 20 - 19 -2

17) 80 18) 59 19) 45 20) 55
- 19 - 50 - 40 - 30

21) 90 22) 62 23) 77 24) 88
- 72 - 20 - 30 - 40

Page 20 of 32
23. Subtracting Tens and Ones from 2-Digit
Numbers, Not Crossing 100
1) 65 2) 74 3) 84 4) 41
- 56 - 46 - 57 - 32

5) 65 6) 82 7) 92 8) 75
- 36 - 17 - 63 - 38

9) 75 10) 61 11) 43 12) 56
- 38 - 54 - 29 - 37

13) 85 14) 38 15) 42 16) 65
- 39 - 27 - 26 - 48

17) 58 18) 87 19) 67 20) 88
- 49 - 35 - 49 - 34

21) 64
- 38
Page 21 of 32
24. Subtracting Tens and Ones from 3-Digit
Numbers, Not Crossing 100
1) 100 2) 108 3) 112 4) 116
 - 40  - 64  60  - 82
   
5) 130 6) 101 7) 170 8) 165
 - 56  - 70  - 71  - 80
   
9) 128 10) 149 11) 130 12) 102
 - 70  - 70  68  - 80
   
13) 125 14) 130 15) 138 16) 105
 - 90  - 69  - 70  - 70
   
17) 109 18) 140 19) 132 20) 119
 - 50  - 99  - 30  - 54
   
21) 154
 - 30
Page 22 of 32
25. Adding Three One-Digit Numbers to 10
Circle the pairs of numbers that add up to 10, then add the third number to
make the total.
4+6+3= 5+5+6= 7+3+4=
8+2+9= 1+9+7= 7+2+3=
6+3+4= 3+8+7= 5+3+5=
2+9+8= 5+8+5= 5+7+3=
4+8+2= 9+5+1= 8+2+7=
7+7+3= 4+8+2= 5+5+5=
3+3+7= 8+8+2= 6+4+6=
5+2+5= 1+1+9= 7+8+3=
5+7+5= 6+4+9= 7+2+3=
6+3+7= 7+6+4= 9+2+8=
Challenge: Can you use number bonds to 10 to make sets of 4 one-digit
numbers that total 20? How many different sets can you make?
Page 23 of 32
26. Adding Three One-Digit Numbers - Which 3 Numbers?
Choose 3 numbers which add to the total given. Write as a calculation.
8
Page 24 of 32
27. Addition Can Be Done In Any Order - Subtraction Can't!
Numbers can be added in any order and the answer will stay the same.
2+ 5+ 3 = 10
5+ 3+ 2 = 10
1. 4+3=7 6. 2+7=9
3+4= 7+ =9
2. 9 + 2 = 11 7. 7 + 3 + 6 = 16
2+9= 3+ + 6 = 16
3. 6 + 4 + 7 = 17 8. 4 + 5 + 6 + 5 = 20
4+7+6= 6+ + + = 20
4. 19 + 10 = 29 9. 23 + 20 = 43
10 + 19 = 20 + =
5. 18 + 15 = 33 10. 27 + 24 = 51
15 + 18 = 24 + =
Page 25 of 32
28. Correct? Correct?
1. 7 – 4 = 3 6. 12 – 5 = 7
4–7=3 5 – 12 = 7
2. 8 – 13 = 5 7. 30 – 18 = 12
13 – 8 = 5 18 – 30 = 12
3. 10 – 17 = 7 8. 30 – 40 = 10
17 – 10 = 7 40 – 30 = 10
4. 1 – 99 = 98 9. 8 – 4 – 2 = 2
99 – 1 = 98 4–8–2=2
5. 21 – 18 = 3 10. 43 – 17 = 26
18 – 21 = 3 17 – 43 = 26
Page 26 of 32
29. Number Family
Page 27 of 32
30. Number Family
Page 28 of 32
31. Number Family
Page 29 of 32
32. Number Family
Page 30 of 32
33. Using Inverse Operations to Check
51
51
51 -6
= =
6 45
+
45
Correct!
For each of these addition calculations, work out the answer to the inverse
operation, to check whether each answer is right or wrong.
Correct? Correct?
37 + 7 = 43 26 + 8 = 44
43 - 7 = 44 - 8 =
25 + 8 = 33 17 + 9 = 25
33 - 8 = 25 - 9 =
47 + 5 = 52 22 + 9 = 30
52 - 5 = 30 - 22 =
34 + 6 = 40 19 + 9 = 28
40 - 34 = 28 - 9 =
76 + 8 = 85 46 + 7 = 53
85 - 76 = 53 - 46 =
Page 31 of 32
34. Correct!
31
31
=
-7
7
=
+
24
24
24
For each of these subtraction calculations, work out the answer to the inverse
operation, to check whether each answer is right or wrong.
Correct? Correct?
45 – 6 = 39 22 – 4 = 19
39 + 6 = 19 + 4 =
37 – 9 = 26 15 – 8 = 10
26 + 9 = 10 + 8 =
31 – 3 = 28 34 – 7 = 26
28 + 3 = 26 + 7 =
42 – 6 = 38 51 – 6 = 45
38 + 6 = 45 + 6 =
62 – 7 = 54 17 – 9 = 8
54 + 7 = 9+8=
Page 32 of 32
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